Advertisement

A Robust Sensing Node for Wireless Monitoring of Drinking Water Quality

  • Lorenzo Mezzera
  • Michele Di Mauro
  • Marco Tizzoni
  • Andrea Turolla
  • Manuela Antonelli
  • Marco CarminatiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 573)

Abstract

In this work a low-cost and credit-card-sized electronic platform for continuous monitoring of water quality is presented. It simultaneously measures water pH, temperature, conductivity, flow rate, pressure and the micrometric thickness of surface fouling, of both chemical and biological nature. The system includes a GSM transceiver that creates a wireless sensors network for real-time monitoring of these parameters, enabling increased safety and, in perspective, automation and predictive maintenance of the water network. An external watchdog timer increases the robustness and the complete self-diagnostic ability of the solution. Preliminary results from field validation are reported.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Politecnico di Milano is acknowledged for providing partial financial support to this activity through the Switch2Product Competition 2017.

References

  1. 1.
    Carminati M., et al.: A smart sensing node for pervasive water quality monitoring with anti-fouling self-diagnostics. In: Proceedings of IEEE ISCAS, pp.1–5 (2018)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lambrou, T.P., et al.: A low-cost sensor network for real-time monitoring and contamination detection in drinking water distribution systems. IEEE Sensors J. 2765–2772 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pavanello, G., et al.: Exploiting a new electrochemical sensor for biofilm monitoring and water treatment optimization. Water Res. 45, 1651–1658 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Turolla, A, et al: Development of a miniaturized and selective impedance sensor for real-time slime monitoring in pipes and tanks. Sensors and Actuators B 281, 288–295 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Munoz-Berbel, X., Munoz, F., Vigués, N., Mas, J.: On-chip impedance measurements to monitor biofilm formation in the drinking water distribution network. Sensors and Actuators B 118, 129–134 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carminati, M., Luzzatto-Fegiz, P.: Conduino: affordable and high-resolution multichannel water conductivity sensor using micro USB connectors. Sensors and Actuators B Chem. 251, 1034–1041 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ramotsoela, D., Abu-Mahfouz, A., Hancke, G.: A survey of anomaly detection in industrial wireless sensor networks with critical water system infrastructure as a case study. Sensors 8, 2491(1–24) (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorenzo Mezzera
    • 1
  • Michele Di Mauro
    • 2
  • Marco Tizzoni
    • 2
  • Andrea Turolla
    • 2
  • Manuela Antonelli
    • 2
  • Marco Carminati
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e BioingegneriaPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Ambientale, Politecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations