Advertisement

Why Differentiate Rural Tourism Geographies?

  • Rhonda L. KosterEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Geographies of Tourism and Global Change book series (GTGC)

Abstract

Tourism is often identified as an economic diversification option for rural places, but a review of the literature reveals that rural is most often viewed homogenously, as places outside of cities or when differentiated, as the places that are far away (exotic remote) or close to cities (fringe); limited research has identified the places in the middle (the boring bits in between). Experience suggests there are significant differences in the opportunities and challenges that different rural areas experience, yet academic literature and governmental policies and programs do not adequately reflect these differences. Despite many excellent case studies, there has not been an attempt to create a framework that allows for a comparison not only within the same geography, but across these three rural geographies to determine, and thus illustrate, both the need for and the theoretical construct of, differentiated rural tourism geographies. This introductory chapter presents our framework of analysis for differentiating rural, and the geographical context factors used to construct our nine case studies, from the three countries of Australia, Canada and Sweden.

References

  1. Bell, D. (2006). Variations on the rural idyll. In P. Cloke, T. Marsden, & P. Mooney (Eds.), Handbook of rural studies (pp. 149–161). London: SAGE Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Butler, R., Hall, C. M., & Jenkins, J. (1998). Tourism and recreation in rural areas. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  3. Carson, D., & Jacobsen, D. (2005). Knowledge matters: Harnessing innovation for regional tourism development. In D. Carson & J. MacBeth (Eds.), Regional tourism cases: Innovation in regional tourism (pp. 19–30). Melbourne: Common Ground Publishing.Google Scholar
  4. Christaller, W. (1964). Some considerations of tourism location in Europe: The peripheral regions—Underdeveloped countries—Recreation areas. Papers of the Regional Science Association, 12, 95–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crouch, D. (2006). Tourism, consumption and rurality. In P. Cloke, T. Marsden, & P. Mooney (Eds.), Handbook of rural studies (pp. 355–365). London, England: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eurostat. (n.d.). Tourism statistics at a regional level. Retrieved August 2, 2018, from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Tourism_statistics_at_regional_level.
  7. George, W., Mair, H., & Reid, D. (2009). Rural tourism development: Localism and cultural change. Toronto, Canada: Channel View Publications.Google Scholar
  8. Getz, D., & Page, S. J. (1997). Conclusions and implications for rural business development. In D. Getz & S. J. Page (Eds.), The business of rural tourism: International perspectives (pp. 191–205). London: International Thomson Business Press.Google Scholar
  9. Halfacree, K. (1993). Locality and social representation: Space, discourses and alternative definitions of the rural. Journal of Rural Studies, 9(1), 23–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hall, C. M., & Page, S. J. (2014). The geography of tourism and recreation: Environment, place and space (4th ed.). New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hall, D., Mitchell, M., & Roberts, L. (2003). Tourism and the countryside: Dynamic relationships. In: D. Hall, M. Mitchell, & Roberts, L. (Eds.), New directions in rural tourism. Aldershot: Ashgate. Chapter 1.Google Scholar
  12. Hoggart, K. (1990). Let’s do away with rural. Journal of Rural Studies, 6, 245–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kastenholz, E., Carneiro, M., Eusebio, C., & Figueiredo, E. (Eds.). (2016). Meeting challenges for rural tourism through co-creation of sustainable tourism experiences. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  14. Keller, P. (1987). Stages of peripheral tourism development—Canada’s Northwest Territories. Tourism Management, 8, 20–32.Google Scholar
  15. Koster, R. L., Lemelin, R. H., & Agnew, K. (2010). Frolicking in the fringe: An assessment of the state of exurban tourism in Canada. In K. Beesley (Ed.), Rural-urban fringe in Canada: Conflict and controversy (pp. 144–157). Rural Development Institute: Brandon, Manitoba.Google Scholar
  16. Lane, B. (2009). Chapter 20 rural tourism: An overview. In T. Jamal & M. Robinson (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of tourism studies. London: SAGE Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9780857021076.n20.
  17. Lane, B. (1994). What is rural tourism? Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2(1&2), 7–21.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09669589409510680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lemelin, R. H., Maher, P., & Liggett, D. (Eds.). 2013. From talk to action: How tourism is changing the polar regions (pp. 183–198). Thunder Bay, Canada: Centre for Northern Studies Press.Google Scholar
  19. Lundgren, J. (1982). The tourist frontier of Nouveau Quebec: Functions and regional linkages. Tourist Review, 37(10), 10–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Maher, P. T., Stewart, E. J., & Lück, M. (2011). Polar tourism: Human, environmental and governance dimensions. New York: Cognizant Communication Corporation.Google Scholar
  21. Mair, H. (2006). Global restructuring and local responses: Investigating rural tourism policy in two Canadian communities. Current Issues in Tourism, 9(1), 1–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Müller, D., Lundmark, L., & Lemelin, R. H. (2013). New issues in polar tourism: Communities, environments, politics. New York, Springer.Google Scholar
  23. Müller, D. K. (2016). On the location of tourism: An outlook from Europe’s northern periphery. In M. Mayer & H. Job (Eds.), Naturtourismus: Chancen und Herausforderungen (pp. 113–124). Mannheim: Meta GIS Systems.Google Scholar
  24. Nepal, S. (2009). Chapter 8: Tourism geographies: A review of trends, challenges, and opportunities. In T. Jamal & M. Robinson (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of tourism studies. London: SAGE Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9780857021076.n8.
  25. OECD. (1993). What future for our countryside? A rural development policy. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  26. Pahl, R. (1968). The rural-urban continuum. In R. Pahl (Ed.), Readings in urban sociology. Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  27. Ramsey, D., & Malcolm, C. (2017). The importance of location and scale in rural and small town tourism product development: The case of the Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre, Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Geographer, 62(1), 250–265.  https://doi.org/10.1111/cag.12409.
  28. Reid, D. (2003). Tourism, globalization and development: Responsible tourism planning. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  29. Robinson, G. M. (1990). Conflict and change in the countryside. London: Belhaven.Google Scholar
  30. Rojeck, C., & Urry, J. (1997). Transformations of travel and theory. In C. Rojeck & J. Urry (Eds.), Touring cultures: Transformations of travel and theory (pp. 1–22). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  31. Schmallegger, D., Carson, D., & Tremblay, P. (2010). The economic geography of remote tourism: The problem of connection seeking. Tourism Analysis, 15(1), 125–137.Google Scholar
  32. Sznajder, M. (Ed.) 2017. Metropolitan commuter belt tourism. Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Shaw, G., & Williams, A. M. (1994). Critical issues in tourism: A geographical perspective. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  34. Tönnies, F. (1963). Community and society. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  35. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. (2015). World urbanisation prospects: The 2014 revisions: Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/366). Retrieved from https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/publications/files/wup2014-report.pdf.
  36. Urry, J. (2002). The tourist gaze (2nd ed.). Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  37. Weaver, D. (2005). The distinctive dynamics of exurban tourism. International Journal of Tourism Research, 7(1), 23–33.Google Scholar
  38. Weaver, D., & Lawton, L. (2001). Resident perceptions in the urban-rural fringe. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(2), 439–458.Google Scholar
  39. Winchell, D. G., & Koster. R. L. (2010). Introduction. The dynamics of rural change: A multi-national approach. In D. G. Winchell, D. Ramsey, R. Koster, & G. M. Robinson (Eds.), Geographical perspectives on sustainable rural change (pp. 1–23). Brandon, Manitoba: Rural Development Institute.Google Scholar
  40. Woods, M. (2005). Rural geography: Processes, responses and experiences in rural restructing. London, England: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks and TourismLakehead UniversityThunder BayCanada

Personalised recommendations