The Problem of Dropout from Technical Universities: Early Professional Orientation Approach

  • Alexander SolovyevEmail author
  • Ekaterina Makarenko
  • Larisa Petrova
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 916)


The fact is that the quantity of enrolled students in technical universities does not equal to the number of graduates. According to the Russian statistics, about 1/5th of universities’ students interrupt their studies and do not get diplomas. The reasons of the withdrawal are the following: (1) the accidental reasons such as health problems or changed life circumstances, (2) the personal motives or decisions, (3) the administrative consequences of poor progress of a student. The dropouts from higher education institutions become a big problem for the university, for the society and for the national economy as a whole. The administrative dropouts of students by the reason of their unsatisfactory evaluation are the most often at the first or at the second years of study. The reasons of such dropouts are the subject for the discussion in this paper. The goal of the paper consists in the elaborating of a possible way for the situation improvement by application of the early professional orientation at the stage of high school education. We interviewed 80 students of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd years of study trained on the different engineering specialties in the MADI University. The average assessment of progress of each student added to completed questionnaire provides the possibility to compare his/her professional attitude with academic performance and with the probability of dropout.


Technical university Dropout Professional orientation Sociological survey 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Solovyev
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ekaterina Makarenko
    • 1
  • Larisa Petrova
    • 1
  1. 1.Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University (MADI)MoscowRussia

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