Evaluation Methods for the Effective Assessment of Simulation Games

A Literature Review
  • Nilüfer Bas
  • Alexander LöfflerEmail author
  • Robert Heininger
  • Matthias Utesch
  • Helmut Krcmar
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 916)


Simulation games play an important role in the area of technology-based education. They allow the simulation of real-world problems in a risk-free environment and thereby intend to increase the learning experience of students. However, assessing the effectiveness of a simulation game is necessary to optimize elements of the game and increase the learning effect for students. For this, different evaluation methods exist, which do not always cover all phases when running a simulation game. In this study, we conduct a literature review to analyze evaluation methods for the pre-game, in-game, and post-game assessment of simulation games. In accordance with our inclusion criteria, we selected 31 peer-reviewed articles, and categorized them according to a didactic framework that describes four phases of running simulation games: Preparation, Introduction, Interaction and Conclusion phase. Based on the results, we provide a concrete evaluation strategy that can be used to assess simulation games throughout all phases. This study contributes to theory by providing an overview of evaluation methods for the assessment of simulation games within the different game phases. It contributes to practice by providing a concrete evaluation strategy that can be adapted and used to assess simulation games.


Simulation games Serious games Game-based learning Evaluation Assessment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilüfer Bas
    • 1
  • Alexander Löffler
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert Heininger
    • 1
  • Matthias Utesch
    • 2
  • Helmut Krcmar
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical University of MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Staatliche Fachober- und Berufsoberschule Technik MünchenMunichGermany

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