Cybersecurity Baseline, An Exploration, Which Permits to Delineate National Cybersecurity Strategy in Ecuador

  • Mario RonEmail author
  • Oswaldo Rivera
  • Walter Fuertes
  • Theofilos Toulkeridis
  • Javier Díaz
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 918)


Information and Communication Technologies entails risks inherent to their use, which must be treated by organizations to protect their users from possible damage to their integrity. To determine the way to protect users, a real knowledge of the current situation is indispensable. This study allows to know the current state of cybersecurity in Ecuador through a systematic and organized process, based on the main criterion that should be considered in the establishment of a National Cybersecurity Strategy (NCS), considering its level of maturity. The results obtained as a baseline are a significant contribution to the definition of the NCS in Ecuador and the procedure could be applied by other countries in the region both to prepare their policies and to monitor the impact they have had.


Cybersecurity Baseline Policy Organizations Ecuador 



The authors would like to express special thanks to all institutions, companies and professionals who participated in the field research as they did before in similar processes to develop the NCS.


  1. 1.
    OAS, 2016 Cybersecurity Report (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ITU, ITU National Cybersecurity Strategy Guide (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ron, M., Bonilla, M., Fuertes, W., Díaz, J., Toulkeridis, T.: Applicability of cybersecurity standards in Ecuador - a field exploration. In: MICRADS 2018, vol. 94, pp. 27–40 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, E-government Survey 2016 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    INEC, “ENEMDU-TIC 2017” (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    INEC, “Empresas y TIC,” Inec, p. 54 (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    GII, C. University, INSEAD, and WIPO, “Global innovation Index” (2018)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    MINTEL, Plan Nacional de Gobierno Electrónico, Quito - Ecuador (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    UNDESA, 2018 E-Government Survey (2018)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    MINTEL, Libro Blanco de la Sociedad de Ia Información. Ecuador (2018)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Akamai, “state of the internet Q1 2017 report” (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    MINTEL, Plan Nacional De Telecomunicaciones Y Tecnologías de Información del Ecuador 2016–2021. Sect. Telecomunicaciones y Tecnol. la Inf., vol. 1, p. 66 (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    MINTEL. Rendición de Cuentas 2017, Quito - Ecuador (2018)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ITU. Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) 2017 (2017)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rom, M., Bustamante, F., Fuertes, W., Tulkeredis, T.: Situational status of global cybersecurity and cyber defense according to global indicators. Adaptation of a model for Ecuador. In: MICRADS 2018, vol. 94 (2018)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    OEA-BID. Observatorio de la Ciberseguridad en América Latina y el Caribe. Accessed 12 Feb 2018
  17. 17.
    Ron, M., Fuertes, W., Bonilla, M., Toulkeridis, T., Diaz, J.: Cybercrime in Ecuador, an exploration, which allows to define national cybersecurity policies. In: CISTI 2018, June 2018, pp. 1–7 (2018)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    ISACA. A Business Framework for the Governance and Management of Enterprise IT (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Ron
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Oswaldo Rivera
    • 1
  • Walter Fuertes
    • 1
  • Theofilos Toulkeridis
    • 1
  • Javier Díaz
    • 2
  1. 1.Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPESangolquíEcuador
  2. 2.Universidad Nacional de la PlataLa PlataArgentina

Personalised recommendations