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Predicting Death and Morbidity in Perforated Peptic Ulcer

  • Hugo Peixoto
  • Lara Correia e Silva
  • Soraia Pereira
  • Tiago Jesus
  • Vítor Lopes
  • António Abelha
  • José MachadoEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 918)

Abstract

Peptic ulcers are defined as defects in the gastrointestinal mucosa that extend through the muscularis mucosae. Although not being the most common complication, perforations stand out as being the complication with the highest mortality rate. To predict the probability of mortality, several scoring systems based on clinical and biochemical parameters, such as the Boey and PULP scoring system have been developed. This article explores, using data mining in the medical data available, how the scoring systems perform when trying to predict mortality and patients’ state complication. We also try to conclude, from the two scoring systems presented, which predicts better the situations described. Regarding the results, we concluded that the PULP scoring allows a better mortality prediction achieving, in this case, above 90% accuracy, however, the results may be inconclusive due to the lack of patients who died in the dataset used. Regarding the complications, we concluded that, on the other hand, the Boey system achieves better results leading to a better prediction when it comes to predicting patients’ state complication.

Keywords

Data mining Dataset Scoring systems PULP Boey Death Health complications 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been supported by Compete: POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007043 and FCT within the Project Scope UID/CEC/00319/2013.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugo Peixoto
    • 1
  • Lara Correia e Silva
    • 2
  • Soraia Pereira
    • 2
  • Tiago Jesus
    • 2
  • Vítor Lopes
    • 3
  • António Abelha
    • 1
  • José Machado
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Algoritmi Research CenterUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal
  2. 2.University of MinhoBragaPortugal
  3. 3.Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega e SousaPenafielPortugal

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