Supporting Enterprise Innovation by Cooperation with Business Environment Institutions in Poland and Belarus

  • Andrzej DanilukEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics book series (EBES, volume 10/1)


Effective implementation of innovation in the context of economy globalization requires entering into cooperative relationships with other companies and market participants. Business environment institutions (BEI) constitute one of the most important elements of efficient innovation system. They support companies and facilitate the flow of knowledge and technology between science and businesses. There are not many research on cooperation between enterprises and BEI carried out in regional context, especially on cooperation between Polish and Belarusian companies. The research problem refers to a small impact of cooperation between enterprises and BEI on the possibility of effective implementation and supporting innovation development in Podlasie region in Poland. This article presents the results of studies which took into account factors that affect the level of cooperation between BEI and companies representing the leading branches in north-eastern Poland and in Belarus. The methods of critical analysis of the literature and statistical analysis of data have been used. It was found out that the existing forms of mutual cooperation between businesses and BEI are not used effectively enough to support innovation. In order to increase the innovative activity of enterprises it may be necessary to develop cross-border cooperation, inspired by the cooperation programs developed by local authorities.


Cooperation Innovation Competitiveness Business environment institutions Poland Belarus 



The research have been carried out the framework of work S/WZ/3/2015 and founded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. It was the part of the international research project “Readiness of enterprises to create cross-border networking” are presented below which was implemented between 2014 and 2016 on the basis of an agreement between the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Belarusian State Academy of Sciences.


  1. Bąkowski, A., & Mażewska, M. (Eds.). (2014). Ośrodki innowacji w Polsce (z uwzględnieniem inkubatorów przedsiębiorczości). Raport z badania 2014 [Innovation centers in Poland (including business incubators). Research Report 2014]. Warszawa: PARP.Google Scholar
  2. Barska, A. (2014). Regionalne aspekty gospodarki [Regional aspects of economy]. Warszawa: PWE.Google Scholar
  3. Bengtsson, M., & Kock, S. (2014). Coopetition – Quo Vadis? Past accomplishments and future challenges. Industrial Marketing Management, 43(2), 180–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bouwen, R., & Taillieu, T. (2004). Multi-party collaboration as social learning for interdependence: Developing relational knowing for sustainable natural resource management. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 14, 137–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ciriaci, D., Moncada-Paternò-Castello, P., & Voight, P. (2016). Innovation and job creation: A sustainable relation? Eurasian Business Review, 6(2), 189–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Daniluk, A. (2016). Conditions of cooperation between enterprises and business environment institutions using the Podlasie region as an example. Ekonomia i Zarządzanie, 8(4), 18–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Daniluk, A. (2017). Cooperation between business companies and the institutions in the context of innovations implementation. Procedia Engineering, 182, 127–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ejdys, J., Ustinovicius, L., & Stankevičienė, J. (2015). Innovative application of contemporary management methods in a knowledge-based economy – interdisciplinarity in science. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 16(1), 261–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Emami, A., & Dimov, D. (2017). Degree of innovation and the entrepreneurs’ intention to create value: A comparative study of experienced and novice entrepreneurs. Eurasian Business Review, 7(2), 161–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. European Commission. (2008). The concept of clusters and cluster policies and their role for competitiveness and innovation: Main statistical results and lessons learned. European Commission. Accessed July 9, 2017, from
  11. Florida, R. (2007). The flight of the creative class. The new global competition for talent. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  12. Ford, D., & Håkansson, H. (2013). Competition in business networks. Industrial Marketing Management, 42, 1017–1024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fratesi, U. (2015). Regional knowledge flows and innovation policy: A dynamic approach. Regional Studies, 49(11), 1859–1872.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gnyawali, D. R., He, J., & Madhaven, R. (2006). Impact of co-opetition on firm competitive behaviour. An empirical examination. Journal of Management, 32(4), 507–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Górzyński, M. (Ed.). (2006). System wspierania gron przedsiębiorczości. Publikacja podsumowująca [Supporting system for entrepreneur clusters. Summary report]. Rzeszów: IG WSIiZ.Google Scholar
  16. Hollanders, H., Rivera Léon, L., & Roman, L. (2012). Regional innovation scoreboard. European Commission. Accessed June 22, 2017, from
  17. Kale, P., & Singh, H. (2009). Managing strategic alliances: What do we know, and where do we go from here? Academy of Management Perspectives, 23, 45–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kamińska, A. (2011). Wpływ instytucji otoczenia biznesu na rozwój małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw w regionie lubelskim [The impact of business environment institutions for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in the lubelskie region]. Barometr Regionalny, 1(23), 53–65.Google Scholar
  19. Keasler, T. R., & Denning, K. C. (2009). A re-examination of corporate strategic alliance. New market responses. Quarterly Journal of Finance and Accounting, 48, 21–40.Google Scholar
  20. Kowalski, A. M. (2010). Kooperacja w ramach klastrów jako czynnik zwiększania innowacyjności i konkurencyjności regionów [Cooperation within clusters as a factor for increasing the innovation and competitiveness of regions]. Gospodarka Narodowa, 5–6, 225–226.Google Scholar
  21. Lęcznar, M. (2007). Znaczenie klastrów w transferze wiedzy i innowacji - wnioski dla Podkarpacia [The importance of clusters in the transfer of knowledge and innovation - conclusions for Podkarpacie]. Rzeszów: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego.Google Scholar
  22. Leigh, N. G., & Blakely, E. J. (2013). Planning local economic development. Theory and practice (5th ed.). London: SAGE.Google Scholar
  23. Lisowska, R. (2013). Zarządzanie rozwojem małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw w obszarach zmarginalizowanych [Managing the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in the marginalized areas]. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.Google Scholar
  24. Lunnan, R., & Haugland, S. A. (2008). Predicting and measuring alliance performance: A multidimensional analysis. Strategic Management Journal, 29, 545–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Maennig, W., & Ölschläger, M. (2010). Innovative milieux and regional competitiveness: The role of associations and chambers of commerce and industry in Germany. Regional Studies, 45(4), 441–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Martin, R., & Sunley, P. (2003). Deconstructing clusters: Chaotic concept or policy panacea? Journal of Economic Geography, 3(1), 5–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. OECD, (2005). Oslo manual: Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Accessed May 20, 2017, from
  28. Pietruszewska-Cetkowska, I., & Zygmont, S. (2014). Model działania Instytucji Otoczenia Biznesu stymulujący proinnowacyjną współpracę przedsiębiorstw w województwie kujawsko-pomorskim [Model of Business Environment Institutions operations stimulating pro-innovative cooperation of companies in Kujawsko-Pomorskie Province]. Toruń: Toruńska Agencja Rozwoju Regionalnego S.A.Google Scholar
  29. Połomska-Jasieniowska, A. (2010). Wewnętrzne uwarunkowania współdziałania gospodarczego małych przedsiębiorstw [Internal conditions for economic cooperation between small businesses]. In M. Matejun (Ed.), Wyzwania i perspektywy zarządzania w małych i średnich przedsiębiorstwach [Challenges and perspectives of management in small and medium-sized enterprises]. Warszawa: C.H. Beck. Ch.19.Google Scholar
  30. Porter, M. E. (1998). The competitive advantage: Creating and sustaining superior performance. New York: Free Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Porter, M. E. (2001). Porter o konkurencji [On competition]. Warszawa: Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne.Google Scholar
  32. Schruijer, S. (2006). Research on collaboration in action. International Journal of Action Research, 2(2), 222–242.Google Scholar
  33. Skawińska, E., & Zalewski, R. (2009). Klastry biznesowe w rozwoju konkurencyjności i innowacyjności regionów. Świat - Europa – Polska [Business clusters in the development of competitiveness and innovation of regions. World - Europe – Poland]. Warszawa: PWE.Google Scholar
  34. Smętkowski, M., Olechnicka, A., & Płoszaj, A. (2017). Współpraca naukowa jako element potencjału innowacyjnego regionów europejskich [Scientific cooperation as part of the innovation potential of European regions]. Studia Regionalne i Lokalne, 1(67), 5–25.Google Scholar
  35. Sroka, W., & Cygler, J. (2014). Pathologies in inter-organizational networks. Procedia Economic and Finance, 12, 626–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Strzyżewska, M. (2011). Współpraca między przedsiębiorstwami. Odniesienie do polskiej praktyki [Cooperation between companies. Reference to Polish practice]. Warszawa: Oficyna Wydawnicza SGH.Google Scholar
  37. Tomaszuk, A. (2016). Stereotypes in the perception of cross-border business partners (on the example of Podlasie enterpreneurs). Economics and Management, 8(2), 55–62.Google Scholar
  38. Tu, C., Hwang, S. H., & Wong, J. Y. (2014). How does co-operation affect innovation in micro-enterprises? Management Decision, 52(8), 1390–1409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Podlaskiego. (2015). Zapotrzebowanie przedsiębiorstw na usługi świadczone przez instytucje otoczenia biznesu w regionie podlaskim. Raport [The demand of enterprises for services provided by business environment institutions in the Podlasie region. The report]. Białystok: Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Podlaskiego. Accessed June 20, 2017, from
  40. Van der Zwan, P., Thurik, R., Verheul, I., & Hessels, J. (2016). Factors influencing the entrepreneurial engagement of opportunity and necessity entrepreneurs. Eurasian Business Review, 6(3), 273–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wasiluk, A. (2017). Pro-innovative prerequisites for establishing the cooperation between companies (in the perspective of creation and development of clusters). Procedia Engineering, 182, 755–762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wasiluk, A., & Daniluk, A. (2013). The possibilities of creating cross-border clusters. Vilnius: Vilnius University Publishing House.Google Scholar
  43. Wybieralski, P. (2015). Alianse technologiczne a strategiczne zachowania korporacji międzynarodowych na rynkach niedoskonałych. [Technological alliances and strategic behavior of international corporations in imperfect markets]. Toruń: Adam Marszałek.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering ManagementBialystok University of TechnologyBiałystokPoland

Personalised recommendations