School is a major site for reinforcing a view of children as becomings and for the taming of childhood. Although schools promote the idea of developing individual character, many of their policies act to restrict it, and view children as objects to be processed. Children are expected to dress in a uniform manner and behave in a uniform manner. School spaces, such as playgrounds, are controlled to varying degrees in ways which restrict what children can do, sometimes for ostensibly safety reasons, and sometimes for the purposes of managing the school. Testing and accountability contribute to the ways in which children are subject to datafication, within a system whereby children are valued for what they contribute to the school.
KeywordsUniform Spaces Playgrounds Testing Accountability Datafication
- Baumann, C., & Krskova, H. 2016. School Discipline, School Uniforms and Academic Performance. International Journal of Educational Management, 30, 1003–1029.Google Scholar
- Biesta, G. J. J. 2013. The Beautiful Risk of Education. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
- Blatchford, P. 1989. Playtime in the Primary School: Problems and Improvements. Windsor: NFER-Nelson.Google Scholar
- Booth, S. 2018. School Chat Ban for Kids in Corridors at Archway Academy. Camden New Journal.Google Scholar
- Bowles, S., & Gintis, H. 2011. Schooling in Capitalist America: Educational Reform and the Contradictions of Economic Life. Chicago, IL: Haymarket.Google Scholar
- Cole, M. 1988. Bowles and Gintis Revisited: Correspondence and Contradiction in Educational Theory. London: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
- Dahlberg, G. 2011. Policies in Early Childhood Education and Care: Potentialities for Agency, Play and Learning. In: Corsaro, W. A., Qvortrup, J., & Honig, M.-S. (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Childhood Studies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Deane, S. 2015. Dressing Diversity: Politics of Difference and the Case of School Uniforms. Philosophical Studies in Education, 46, 111–120.Google Scholar
- Divers, A. 2017. Inculcating Agency. Childhood & Philosophy, 13, 253–270.Google Scholar
- Dorn, S., & Ydesen, C. 2014. Towards a Comparative and International History of School Testing and Accountability. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 22, 1–11.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. 1979. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
- Gill, T. 2007. No Fear: Growing Up in a Risk Averse Society. London: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.Google Scholar
- Hackett, J. 2015. Top 10 Worst Health and Safety Myths. Manager: British Journal of Administrative Management, 2nd Quarter, 22–23, 2p.Google Scholar
- Hargreaves, A. 2003. Teaching in the Knowledge Society: Education in the Age of Insecurity. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
- Hartog, J., & Oosterbeek, H. 2007. What Should You Know About the Private Returns to Education? In: Hartog, J., & Maassen Van Den Brink, H. (eds.), Human Capital: Advances in Theory and Evidence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Hyndman, B. P., & Telford, A. 2015. Should Educators Be “Wrapping School Playgrounds in Cotton Wool” to Encourage Physical Activity? Exploring Primary and Secondary Students’ Voices from the School Playground. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40, 4.Google Scholar
- Jarram, M., & Pittam, D. 2017. 71 Students Put in Isolation for Wearing the Wrong Uniform on School’s First Day of Term (Online). Available http://www.nottinghampost.com/news/nottingham-news/71-students-put-isolation-wearing-437316. Accessed 12 January 2018.
- Lavigueur, N. 2014. The Wrong Trousers: Parents Angry After Pupils Put in Isolation at Colne Valley High School on First Day Back for ‘Incorrect Trousers’ (Online). Available http://www.examiner.co.uk/news/west-yorkshire-news/wrong-trousers-parents-angry-after-7708277. Accessed 12 January 2018.
- Lupton, D. 2016. The Quantified Self. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Michaela. 2018. RE: Michaela Behaviour Policy.Google Scholar
- Ofsted. 2014. Below the Radar: Low-Level Disruption in the Country’s Classrooms. London: Ofsted.Google Scholar
- Ofsted, & Spielman, A. 2017. Amanda Spielman’s Speech at the ASCL Annual Conference (Online). HM Government. Available https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/amanda-spielmans-speech-at-the-ascl-annual-conference. Accessed 24 March 2017.
- Ofsted, & Spielman, A. 2018. Amanda Spielman Speech to the Schools NorthEast Summit (Online). London: Ofsted. Available https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/amanda-spielman-speech-to-the-schools-northeast-summit. Accessed 18 October 2018.
- Phillips, J. 2017. Pupils Banned from Cheltenham Bournside School for Wearing Wrong Trousers (Online). Available http://www.gloucestershirelive.co.uk/news/cheltenham-news/pupils-banned-cheltenham-bournside-school-432153. Accessed 12 January 2017.
- Pike, J., & Kelly, P. 2014. The Moral Geographies of Children, Young People and Food: Beyond Jamie’s School Dinners. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Postman, N. 1994. The Disappearance of Childhood. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
- Preece, A. 2018. ‘Prison-Like’ School Tells Pupils to Walk Between Classes in Silence at Ninestiles, An Academy. Birmingham Live.Google Scholar
- Pring, R. 2004. Philosophy of Education: Aims, Theory, Common Sense and Research. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
- Schouten, L. 2015. Ban on ‘Tag’: Are School Children Getting the Right Playtime? Christian Science Monitor.Google Scholar
- Star, T. 2009. Children Sent Home from School for Wearing Wrong Trousers (Online). Sheffield. Available https://www.thestar.co.uk/whats-on/out-and-about/children-sent-home-from-school-for-wearing-wrong-trousers-1-297085. Accessed 12 January 2018.
- Stephenson, K. 2016. “It’s Not for the Sake of a Ribboned Coat”: A History of British School Uniform. University of York.Google Scholar
- Stewart, W. 2006. New Register for the Gifted and Talented. TES: Times Educational Supplement.Google Scholar
- Telegraph. 2018. Pupils Banned from Talking While Walking Between Lessons Under Headteacher’s Silence Policy. Daily Telegraph.Google Scholar
- Truelove, S. 2018. Croydon School Bans Pupils from Talking in Corridors and Says It Has Transformed Behaviour. Croydon Advertiser.Google Scholar
- Wheway, R. 2008. Not a Risk Averse Society: Fair Play for Children. 2nd ed. Bognor Regis: Fair Play for Children.Google Scholar
- Wrigley, T. 2009. Rethinking Education in the Era of Globalization. In: Hill, D. (ed.), Contesting Neo-Liberal Education: Public Resistance and Collective Advance. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar