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Brain Injury in the ACS Patient: Nuts and Bolts of Neuromonitoring and Management

  • Edoardo Picetti
  • Sandra Rossi
  • Marcus Ottochian
  • Deborah M. Stein
Chapter
Part of the Hot Topics in Acute Care Surgery and Trauma book series (HTACST)

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide. In polytrauma patients, TBI is frequently associated with extracranial injuries. For this reason, every emergency-trauma surgeon should have a basic knowledge about TBI. The objective of this chapter is to provide concise and practical information about TBI pathophysiology, monitoring, and management. Furthermore, given its importance, a brief discussion about the brain death determination and management of the potential organ donor will be provided.

Keywords

Traumatic brain injury Intracranial pressure Pathophysiology Neuromonitoring Management Brain death 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edoardo Picetti
    • 1
  • Sandra Rossi
    • 1
  • Marcus Ottochian
    • 2
  • Deborah M. Stein
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CareParma University HospitalParmaItaly
  2. 2.R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma CenterUniversity of Maryland Medical SchoolBaltimoreUSA

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