Advertisement

Recycling and Treatment of Water Under Urban Intensification

  • Rupak Aryal
  • Arturo Aburto MedinaEmail author
  • Andrew S. Ball
  • Veeriah Jegatheesan
  • Felicity Roddick
  • Jaya Kandasamy
  • Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran
Chapter
Part of the Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future book series (AESE)

Abstract

With the ever increasing population growth in urban areas, stakeholders have adopted numerous water sensitive urban design (WSUD) measures to enable the recycling and reuse of stormwater for a range of non-potable fit-for-purpose uses. This chapter highlights the most common measures adopted across Australia in the recent past, their benefits and limitations. Findings suggest that the adoption of WSUD measures have provided multiple tangible and intangible benefits from a social, environmental and economic context. For further expansion and adoption of WSUD measures, the multiple benefits need to be communicated and shared with the scientific and the broader community further to create sustainable and water resilient urban areas.

Keywords

Water sensitive urban design (WSUD) Urban hydrology Urban water demand Water quality Recycling 

References

  1. ABS (2013a) Environmental issues: water use and conservation, Mar 2013. Australian Bureau of StatisticsGoogle Scholar
  2. ABS (2013b) Population projections Australia. In: Australian Bureau of Statistics (ed) Australian Bureau of Statistics, CanberraGoogle Scholar
  3. Allan JD (2004) Landscapes and riverscapes: the influence of land use on stream ecosystems. Annu Rev Ecol Evol SystAnnu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 35:257–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson J, Davis C, Stevens D, Kelly J, McLaughlin M, Unkovich M (2006) Reclaimed water use in Australia: an overview of Australia and reclaimed water. In: Stevens D (ed) Growing crops with reclaimed wastewater. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood 5Google Scholar
  5. BOM (2015) Water in Australia 2014–2015. http://www.bom.gov.au/water/waterinaustralia/files/Water-in-Australia-2013-14.pdf. Bureau of Meteorology Australia, Melbourne, VIC 30001, p 68
  6. Breen P, Wong THF, Lawrence I (2006) Constructed wetlands and ponds. In: Wong THF (ed) Australian runoff quality: a guide to water sensitive urban design. Engineers Media, Crows NestGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown RR (2008) Local institutional development and organizational change for advancing sustainable urban water futures. Environ Manag 41:221–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Campisano A, Di Liberto D, Modica C, Reitano S (2014) Potential for peak flow reduction by rainwater harvesting tanks. Procedia Eng 89:1507–1514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chadwick MA, Dobberfuhl DR, Benke AC, Huryn AD, Suberkropp K, Thiele JE (2006) Urbanization affects stream ecosystem function by altering hydrology, chemistry, and biotic richness. Ecol Appl 16:1796–1807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Christian Amos C, Rahman A, Mwangi Gathenya J (2016) Economic analysis and feasibility of rainwater harvesting systems in urban and peri-urban environments: a review of the global situation with a special focus on Australia and Kenya. Water 8:149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dandy G, Ganji A, Kandulu J, Hatton MacDonald D, Marchi A, Maier H, Mankad A, Schmidt C (2013) Managed aquifer recharge and stormwater use options: net benefits report. Goyder Institute for Water Research (ed). AdelaideGoogle Scholar
  12. DEC (2006) Managing urban stormwater: harvesting and reuse. Department of Environment and Conservation (New South Wales)Google Scholar
  13. Dolnicar S, Hurlimann A, Gruen B (2014) Corrigendum to “What affects public acceptance of recycled and desalinated water?” [Water Res. 45 (2) (2011) pp. 933–943]. Water Res 64:321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fletcher TD, Wong THF, Breen P (2006) Buffer strips, vegetated swales and bioretention systems. In: Wong THF (ed) Australian runoff quality: a guide to water sensitive urban design. Engineers Media, Crows NestGoogle Scholar
  15. Furumai H (2008) Rainwater and reclaimed wastewater for sustainable urban water use. Phys Chem Earth, Parts A/B/C 33:340–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gergel SE, Turner MG, Miller JR, Melack JM, Stanley EH (2002) Landscape indicators of human impacts to riverine systems. Aquat Sci 64:118–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Haque MM, Rahman A, Samali B (2016) Evaluation of climate change impacts on rainwater harvesting. J Clean Prod 137:60–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hurlimann A, Dolnicar S (2016) Public acceptance and perceptions of alternative water sources: a comparative study in nine locations. Int J Water Resour Dev 32:650–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Imteaz MA, Ahsan A, Naser J, Rahman A (2011) Reliability analysis of rainwater tanks in Melbourne using daily water balance model. Resour Conserv Recycl 56:80–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Imteaz MA, Matos C, Shanableh A (2014) Impacts of climatic variability on rainwater tank outcomes for an inland city, Canberra. Int J Hydrol Sci Technol 4:177–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lazarova V, Bahri A (2004) Water reuse for irrigation: agriculture, landscapes, and turf grass. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lu D, Weng Q (2006) Use of impervious surface in urban land-use classification. Remote Sens Environ 102:146–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mankad A, Walton A, Leonard R (2013) Public attitudes towards managed aquifer recharge and stormwater use in Adelaide. Goyder Institute for Water Research Technical Report Series, AdelaideGoogle Scholar
  24. Martin R, Dillion P (2002) Aquifer storage and recovery. Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity ConservationGoogle Scholar
  25. McAlister T (1999) Stormwater reuse: a balanced assessment. Stormwater Industry Association Conference, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  26. NRMMC, EPHC, NHMRC (2006) Australian guidelines for water recycling: managing health and environmental risks (Phase 1)Google Scholar
  27. NRMMC, EPHC, NHMRC (2008) Australian guidelines for water recycling: managing health and environmental risks (Phase 2) Augmentation of drinking water supplies. Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, the Environment Protection and Health Council and the National Health and Medical Research CouncilGoogle Scholar
  28. NRMMC, EPHC, NHMRC (2009a) Australian guidelines for water recycling: managing health and environmental risks (Phase 2) Managed aquifer recharge. Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, the Environment Protection and Health Council and the National Health and Medical Research CouncilGoogle Scholar
  29. NRMMC, EPHC, NHMRC (2009b) Australian guidelines for water recycling: managing health and environmental risks (Phase 2) Stormwater harvesting and reuse. Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, the Environment Protection and Health Council and the National Health and Medical Research CouncilGoogle Scholar
  30. OEH (2018) Office of environment and heritage-home saver rebates program data. https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/energyefficiencyindustry/home-data-rebates.htm
  31. Pyne RDG (1995) Groundwater recharge and wells: a guide to aquifer storage recovery. CRC press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  32. Seshadri B, Bolan NS, Kunhikrishnan A, Chowdhury S, Thangarajan R, Chuasavathi T (2015) Recycled water irrigation in Australia. In: Thangavel P, Sridevi G (eds) Environmental sustainability: role of green technologies. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 39–48Google Scholar
  33. Sheng Z (2005) An aquifer storage and recovery system with reclaimed wastewater to preserve native groundwater resources in El Paso, Texas. J Environ Manag 75:367–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. SydneyWater (2017) Water conservation strategy. SydneyGoogle Scholar
  35. Tsai Y, Chiu Y (2012) Urban storm runoff utilization strategy and volume analysis in multi-purpose rainwater detention-retention systems. Adv Water Sci 23:341–345Google Scholar
  36. Wong T (2006) Australian runoff quality: a guide to water sensitive urban designGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhang X, Hu M, Chen G, Xu Y (2012) Urban rainwater utilization and its role in mitigating urban waterlogging problems—a case study in Nanjing, China. Water Resour Manag 26:3757–3766CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupak Aryal
    • 1
  • Arturo Aburto Medina
    • 2
    Email author
  • Andrew S. Ball
    • 2
  • Veeriah Jegatheesan
    • 3
  • Felicity Roddick
    • 3
  • Jaya Kandasamy
    • 1
  • Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of TechnologySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Remediation and School of ScienceRMIT UniversityBundooraAustralia
  3. 3.Water: Effective Technologies and Tools Research Centre, School of EngineeringRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations