Diabetes and Smoking: The Burden of Evidence

  • Sameer Aggarwal
  • Deepak Khandelwal
  • Deep Dutta
  • Sanjay Kalra
  • Yatan Pal Singh Balhara


Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor for many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases and various malignancies. Smoking is associated with higher insulin resistance, chronic inflammation, and dyslipidemia. Smoking is strongly linked with both increased incidence as well as severity of diabetes. Smoking has also shown to be associated with higher risk of diabetes complications especially macrovascular complications. Smoking cessation is one of the important targets for diabetes control and the prevention of chronic diabetes complications.


Diabetes complications Diabetes mellitus Smoking Cardiovascular disease 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sameer Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Deepak Khandelwal
    • 2
  • Deep Dutta
    • 3
  • Sanjay Kalra
    • 4
  • Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
    • 5
  1. 1.Division of Endocrinology, Department of MedicinePandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post-graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (PGIMS)RohtakIndia
  2. 2.Department of EndocrinologyMaharaja Agrasen HospitalPunjabi BaghIndia
  3. 3.Department of EndocrinologyVenkateshwar HospitalDwarkaIndia
  4. 4.Department of EndocrinologyBharti HospitalKarnalIndia
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryNational Drug Dependence Treatment Centre (NDDTC), WHO Collaborating Centre on Substance Abuse, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)New DelhiIndia

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