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Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver in the Pathogenesis of Diabetes

  • Cristiane A. Villela Nogueira
  • Nathalie Carvalho Leite
Chapter

Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease [1] is prevalent worldwide and is recently one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease in the occident due to obesity-related epidemic and metabolic syndrome [2]. NAFLD presents with different phenotypes and may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Moreover, it may be the leading cause for liver transplant in the next decade [3]. NAFLD was formerly identified in 1980, when Ludwig et al. described a small series of patients with liver histology characterized by fat accumulation, hepatic necroinflammation, and, in most cases, fibrosis, in the absence of a history of excessive alcohol consumption [4].

Keywords

Non-alcoholic fatty liver Steatosis Steatohepatitis Cirrhosis Hepatocellular carcinoma Fibrosis scores 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristiane A. Villela Nogueira
    • 1
  • Nathalie Carvalho Leite
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Medicine, Internal Medicine DepartmentFederal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Clementino Fraga Filho University Hospital, Internal Medicine Division, Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

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