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Is It OSA or Depression or Both?

  • Ali M. Hashmi
  • Imran S. Khawaja
  • Wolfgang Schmidt-NowaraEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and depression are common illnesses that frequently coexist in the same patient. Both can also be associated with several chronic, severe medical conditions including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The symptoms of OSA and depression often overlap leading to frequent underdiagnosis of OSA patients who present to psychiatric clinics with symptoms of depression. Undiagnosed OSA in patients with depression can lead to poor outcomes and treatment failures. Clinicians need to be aware of the relationship between these two conditions since increased diagnostic accuracy can produce better outcomes for both conditions.

Keywords

Sleep OSA Depression Apnea 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali M. Hashmi
    • 1
  • Imran S. Khawaja
    • 2
  • Wolfgang Schmidt-Nowara
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesKing Edward Medical UniversityLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Center for Sleep Medicine, VA North Texas Health Care SystemDepartment of Psychiatry and Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, UT Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurology and Sleep DisordersDallas VA Medical CenterDallasUSA

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