Advertisement

Biodiesel

  • Cataldo De BlasioEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Biodiesel production is increasing worldwide, and it is considered to be a renewable source of energy since it is produced from biomass feedstock. The principles of biodiesel production and the main reactions involved are described here with some emphasis on the chemistry involved. The formation of the necessary esters is reported along with the different forms of catalysis used. For didactic purposes, some notions of organic chemistry are given here to understand why different forms of catalysts are used in diverse conditions. The overall process of biodiesel production from alkali-catalyzed reactions is described at the end of the chapter.

References

  1. Apostolakou, A. A., Kookos, I. K., Marazioti, C., & Angelopoulos, K. C. (2009). Techno-economic analysis of a biodiesel production process from vegetable oils. Fuel Processing Technology, 90, 1023–1031.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.04.017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gebremariam, S. N., & Marchetti, J. M. (2018). Biodiesel production through sulfuric acid catalyzed transesterification of acidic oil: Techno economic feasibility of different process alternatives. Energy Conversion and Management, 174, 639–648.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.08.078.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hoekman, S. K., Broch, A., Robbins, C., Ceniceros, E., & Natarajan, M. (2012). Review of biodiesel composition, properties, and specifications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 143–169.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jones, M., & Fleming, S. A. (2014). Organic chemistry (5th ed.). W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  5. Knothe, G. (2005). Dependence of biodiesel fuel properties on the structure of fatty acid alkyl esters. Fuel Processing Technology Biodiesel Processing and Production, 86, 1059–1070.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2004.11.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. KoohiKamali, S., Tan, C. P., & Ling, T. C. (2012). Optimization of sunflower oil transesterification process using sodium methoxide. The Scientific World Journal, 2012, 8 pages.  https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/475027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kumar Tiwari, A., Kumar, A., & Raheman, H. (2007). Biodiesel production from jatropha oil (Jatropha curcas) with high free fatty acids: An optimized process. Biomass and Bioenergy, 31, 569–575.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.03.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lotero, E., Liu, Y., Lopez, D. E., Suwannakarn, K., Bruce, D. A., & Goodwin, J. G. (2005). Synthesis of biodiesel via acid catalysis. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 44, 5353–5363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Marchetti, J. M., Miguel, V. U., & Errazu, A. F. (2008). Techno-economic study of different alternatives for biodiesel production. Fuel Processing Technology, 89, 740–748.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2008.01.007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Phan, A. N., & Phan, T. M. (2008). Biodiesel production from waste cooking oils. Fuel, 87, 3490–3496.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2008.07.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pollardo, A. A., Lee, H., Lee, D., Kim, S., & Kim, J. (2018). Solvent effect on the enzymatic production of biodiesel from waste animal fat. Journal of Cleaner Production, 185, 382–388.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.02.210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Energy Technology, Faculty of Science and EngineeringÅbo Akademi UniversityVaasaFinland

Personalised recommendations