The quantity of this highly valuable bounty is not uniformly distributed across the globe. Similar to having low per capita income and low urbanization growth, developing countries produce a relatively lower amount of food than developed countries do.The wastage of food causes not only scarcity of food but also adverse environmental and economic effects.There is a wide range of food preservation techniques prevailing across the globe nowadays. Individual techniques put importance on one or more than one of the key factors of food waste including microbial proliferation, enzymatic reaction, chemical reaction, as well as physical damage. Consequently, the required process conditions vary significantly through the preservation techniques. Prevention of microorganism growth is the main focus of many food prevention techniques including chilling and storing in favorable conditions. Many mistakes occur over the course of food preservation in developing countries. The mistakes affect the effectiveness of food preservation techniques negatively. Most of the mistakes are associated with lack of attention, guideline, as well as knowledge relating to food preservation system. Proper interventions must be taken into account in order to overcome the challenges and mistakes that take place during food preservation techniques. No single solution can eliminate the complexities of the challenges due to the diverse nature of the individual solutions.