Beyond Multicriteria Ranking Problems: The Case of PROMETHEE

  • Yves De SmetEmail author
Part of the Multiple Criteria Decision Making book series (MCDM)


PROMETHEE is a well-known multicriteria outranking method. If it was primarily developed for (complete or partial) ranking purposes, recent extensions have been proposed in sorting and clustering contexts. Among them, the methods called PROMETHEE TRI and PROMETHEE CLUSTER were first presented in 2004. Unfortunately, these suffered from some drawbacks that we highlight in this contribution. To overcome these problems, authors have developed other extensions such as FlowSort, PCLUST, etc. The purpose of this paper is to provide a summary of some of these contributions, to highlight their existing links and list several remaining research questions. From a global perspective, we will show that the boundaries between ranking, sorting and clustering are blurred.


PROMETHEE Sorting Multicriteria clustering FlowSort PClust 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SMG research unit, Computer and Decision Engineering DepartmentUniversité libre de Bruxelles, Ecole polytechnique de BruxellesCity of BrusselsBelgium

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