Perspectives on Multi-criteria Decision Analysis and Life-Cycle Assessment

  • Luis C. DiasEmail author
  • Fausto Freire
  • Jutta Geldermann
Part of the Multiple Criteria Decision Making book series (MCDM)


This chapter covers the combined use of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) and Life-Cycle Assessment methodologies. It first reviews environmental Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA), introduces the main challenges and perspectives, including how to extend LCA towards Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA), and discusses how LCAs might be useful for the MCDA practitioner. Then, it discusses how MCDA can complement LCA. Challenges and perspectives are presented concerning LCSA, relative versus absolute evaluation, criteria weighting, and criteria selection.



This research was carried out in the framework of the Energy for Sustainability Initiative (EfS) of the University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal, and the MIT-Portugal Program, and was co-funded by FEDER and Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT) through projects SABIOS (PTDC/AAG-MAA/6234/2014), STREAMLAB (MIT-EXPL/SUS/0013/2017) and SET-LCA (CENTRO-01-0145-FEDER-030570).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis C. Dias
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fausto Freire
    • 2
  • Jutta Geldermann
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Economics, CeBER and INESC CoimbraUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.ADAI-LAETA, Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  3. 3.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

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