Advertisement

Peculiarities of English Oil and Gas Terminology

  • Natalia V. GorokhovaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 907)

Abstract

The terminological homonymy of the English technical terms of oil and gas terminology, formed on the semantic decay of a word, is the basis for lexical units with different denotations. Identification and analysis of homonymy in the terminology of special English vocabulary is one of the urgent tasks of the professional language. It plays an important role in many scientific contexts, for example, in power engineering, oil and gas fields development, production of fossil fuels, machinery engineering, etc. The lexical analysis of the terminological units of oil and gas sphere, based on the metaphorization and polysemy, shows that special terms may undergo semantic changes and transform into homonyms – a random coincidence of words identical in sound form and spelling but different in meaning. The homonyms, which name different phenomena, do not duplicate and do not contradict each other as one of the terms becomes more commonly used in the scientific environment, and subsequently the only one generally recognized by the specialists.

Keywords

Terminology Homonymy Polysemy Semantic word transformation General language 

References

  1. 1.
    Ahmanova, O.S.: Slovar’ lingvisticheskih terminov [Dictionary of linguistic terms]. KomKniga, Moscow (2007). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ahmanova, O.S.: Ocherki po obshchej i russkoj leksikologii [Essays on general and Russian lexicology]. Uchpedgiz, Moscow (1957). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alefirenko, N.F.: Teoriya yazyka. Vvodnyj kurs. [Theory of language. Introductory course]. Akademiya, Moscow (2004). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Crystal, D.: A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 6th edn. Blackwell Publishing, New York (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cuyckens, H., Dirven, R., Taylor, J.R.: Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin-New York (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Danilenko, V.P.: Russkaya terminologiya. Opyt lingvisticheskogo opisaniya [Russian terminology. Experience of linguistic description]. Nauka, Moscow (1977). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Girutskij, A.A.: Vvedenie v yazykoznanie [Introduction to linguistics]. TetraSistems, Minsk (2001). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gorohova, N.V.: Anglo-russkij slovar’ terminov truboprovodnogo transporta [English-Russian Dictionary of Pipeline Transport Terms]. KAN, Omsk (2012). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gorohova, N.V.: Omonimiya angloyazychnykh tekhnicheskikh terminov (na osnove terminopolya truboprovodnogo transporta) [The homonymy of English technical terms (based on the pipeline transport terminology)]. Vestnik LGU im. A.S. Pushkina 3(5), 95–99 (2015). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Korshak, A.A., Shammazov, A. M.: Osnovy neftegazovogo dela: ucheb. dlya vuzov [Basics of oil and gas business]. DizajnPoligrafServis, Ufa (2001). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kreidler, ChW: Introducing English Semantics. Routledge, London (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lebedeva, N.B.: Mnogoslojnost’ leksicheskoj semantiki i situatema kak polisituativnaya struktura [Multilayered lexical semantics and situational topic as a polysituative structure]. Vestnik CHelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filologiya. Iskusstvovedenie 5(259), 92–97 (2012). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    MacArthur, T.: Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. Oxford University Press in Oxford, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Moiseev, M.V.: Leksikografiya kul’tury anglijskogo yazyka [Lexicography of English culture]. OmGU, Omsk (2006). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Reformatskij, A.A.: Vvedenie v yazykoznanie [Introduction to linguistics]. Prosveshchenie, Moscow (1967). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Reformatskij, A.A.: Vvedenie v yazykovedenie (in Russian) [Introduction to linguistics]. Aspekt Press, Moscow (1996)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shajkevich, A.Ya.: Vvedenie v lingvistiku [Introduction to linguistics]. Akademiya, Moscow (2005). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shields, C.: Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle. Clarendon Press, Oxford (1999)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shurygin, N.A.: Leksikologicheskaya terminologiya kak sistema [Lexical terminology as a system]. Izd-vo Nizhnevart. ped. instituta, Nizhnevartovsk (1997). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Slyusareva, N.A.: Terminologiya lingvistiki i metayazykovaya funkciya yazyka [Terminology of linguistics and language functions]. Voprosy yazykoznaniya 4, 69–76 (1979). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sulejmanova, A.K.: Terminosistema neftyanogo dela i ee funkcionirovanie v professional’nom diskurse specialista: avtoref. dis. … dokt. filol. nauk [The terminology of oil business and its functioning in the professional discourse of a specialist]. Bashkirskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, Ufa (2006). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Superanskaya, A.V., Podol’skaya, N.V., Vasil’eva, N.V.: Obshchaya terminologiya [General terminology]. Nauka, Moscow (1989). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Susov, I.P.: Vvedenie v yazykoznanie [Introduction to linguistics]. Vostok-Zapad, Moscow (2006). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tatarinov, V.A.: Teoriya terminovedeniya [Theory of terminology]. Moskovskij licej, Moscow (1996). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Vinogradov, V.V.: Ob omonimii i smezhnyh s nej yavleniyah [On homonymy and related phenomena]. Voprosy yazykoznaniya 5, 3–17 (1960). (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University)MoscowRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations