Social Force Model Describing Pedestrian and Cyclist Behaviour in Shared Spaces

  • Yufei YuanEmail author
  • Bernat Goñi-Ros
  • Tim P. van Oijen
  • Winnie Daamen
  • Serge P. Hoogendoorn
Conference paper


A simulation model capable of reproducing mixed-traffic operations in shared spaces is crucial for the design and management of such areas. Existing models focus on shared spaces where pedestrians and cars interact with each other. This contribution presents a social force model describing walking and cycling behaviour in shared spaces. The model assigns different physical shapes to pedestrian and cyclist agents, accounts for anisotropic interaction behaviour, and imposes turning-angle constraints. The face-validity of the model is tested by comparing simulation output data to empirical macroscopic traffic data derived from video recordings of a shared space in Amsterdam (the Netherlands).



This research was supported by the ALLEGRO project, which is funded by the European Research Council (Grant Agreement No. 669792), and a Stimulus project funded by the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions (AMS). The authors would like to thank I. Mackenzie and E. Morrow for their support in implementing the model in MassMotion.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yufei Yuan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bernat Goñi-Ros
    • 1
  • Tim P. van Oijen
    • 1
  • Winnie Daamen
    • 1
  • Serge P. Hoogendoorn
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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