The uterus of the fetus is relatively small, particularly when compared to the ovaries, which have about the same length as the fallopian tube. The relative size of the corpus and the cervix is the reverse of the adult uterus, the corpus being about one fifth to one third of the length of the cervix during gestation. The lumen of the fetal uterus is a slit-like potential space with a smooth lining, whereas the lining of the much larger cervix displays numerous delicate mucosal folds toward the end of gestation. The histological characteristics of the fetal uterine corpus and cervix are the focus of this chapter.
KeywordsUterus Fetal histology Paramesonephric duct
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