Symptoms and Hormones: Fine-Tuning Atherosclerotic Risk?
The drastic reduction in the circulating levels of estrogens along the menopausal transition triggers a list of symptoms, where hot flashes (HF) constitute a frequently reported episode. Women describe hot flashes as a sudden feeling of heat affecting the upper body, trunk, head, and neck and spreading upwards or, less frequently, downwards. The whole phenomenon is described as a heat wave, which is accompanied by sweating and reddening of the skin, and that persists for short intervals, of minutes or even seconds. HF present during day and night and, when intense enough, affect the quality of sleep and provoke frequent waking-up episodes.
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