Recent Updates on Heavy Metal Remediation Using Date Stones (Phoenix dactylifera L.) – Date Fruit Processing Industry Waste

  • N. SivarajasekarEmail author
  • J. Prakashmaran
  • Mu. Naushad
  • Bader Z. ALFarhan
  • S. Poornima
  • S. Sivapriya
  • V. Gayathri
  • T. Pradeepika
  • V. Raghu
  • S. Sivamani
  • Swapnil Dharaskar
  • Nirajan Dhakal
Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 34)


Phoenix dactylifera L. date palm fruits are consumed largely worldwide. The date stone wastes from the date processing industries are huge and needs attention due to their high lignocellulose content. It is one of the good precursors for activated carbon and can be utilized for heavy metal remediation from wastewaters. Therefore, this chapter reports the metal ions adsorption by activated carbons prepared from date stone considering recent works of literature. This review elaborates the activation methods employed for activated carbon preparation, characterization strategies, parameters affecting the adsorption experiments and adsorption efficiency of the prepared carbons.


Heavy metals Toxic Remediation Lignocellulosic Phoenix dactylifera stones 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Sivarajasekar
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Prakashmaran
    • 2
  • Mu. Naushad
    • 3
  • Bader Z. ALFarhan
    • 4
  • S. Poornima
    • 1
  • S. Sivapriya
    • 1
  • V. Gayathri
    • 1
  • T. Pradeepika
    • 1
  • V. Raghu
    • 1
  • S. Sivamani
    • 5
  • Swapnil Dharaskar
    • 6
  • Nirajan Dhakal
    • 7
  1. 1.Laboratory for Bioremediation Research, Unit Operations Lab, Department of BiotechnologyKumaraguru College of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and NutritionPeriyar UniversitySalemIndia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.King Abdulaziz City for Science and TechnologyRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Chemical Engineering SectionSalalah College of TechnologySalalahSultanate of Oman
  6. 6.Department of Chemical Engineering, School of TechnologyPandit Deendayal Petroleum UniversityGandhinagarIndia
  7. 7.Environmental Engineering and Water Technology DepartmentIHE Delft Institute for Water EducationDelftThe Netherlands

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