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The Alpine Orogeny in the West and Southwest Iberia Margins

  • Pedro TerrinhaEmail author
  • Adrià Ramos
  • Marta Neres
  • Vasco Valadares
  • João Duarte
  • Sara Martínez-Loriente
  • Sónia Silva
  • João Mata
  • José Carlos Kullberg
  • Antonio Casas-Sainz
  • Luís Matias
  • Óscar Fernández
  • Josep Anton Muñoz
  • Carlos Ribeiro
  • Eric Font
  • Conceição Neves
  • Cristina Roque
  • Filipe Rosas
  • Luís Pinheiro
  • Rafael Bartolomé
  • Valentí Sallarès
  • Vítor Magalhães
  • Teresa Medialdea
  • Luis Somoza
  • Eulàlia Gràcia
  • Christian Hensen
  • Marc-André Gutscher
  • António Ribeiro
  • Nevio Zitellini
Chapter
  • 405 Downloads
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)

Abstract

The Alpine orogeny is well recorded onshore and offshore by tectonic inversion of the Mesozoic rift basins. Large scale linear seamounts (more than 250 km long and with up to 5 km of uplift) involving oceanic and continental lithosphere were carried on top of thrusts, such as the Gorringe seamount and the Estremadura Spur in the SouthWest and West Iberia Margin, respectively. The SouthWest Iberia Margin also recorded the westward migration of the Gibraltar Oceanic slab as the westwards propagation of the Neo-Tethys subduction. Rotation of the tectonic compression from NW-SE to WNW-ESE in Pliocene times caused the development of large scale dextral wrench faults as the present day Africa-Iberia plate boundary. Neotectonics of this plate boundary caused large to mega-scale destructive earthquakes and tsunamis.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Terrinha
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Adrià Ramos
    • 3
    • 4
  • Marta Neres
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vasco Valadares
    • 5
  • João Duarte
    • 2
  • Sara Martínez-Loriente
    • 6
  • Sónia Silva
    • 1
    • 2
  • João Mata
    • 2
  • José Carlos Kullberg
    • 7
  • Antonio Casas-Sainz
    • 8
  • Luís Matias
    • 2
  • Óscar Fernández
    • 9
  • Josep Anton Muñoz
    • 3
  • Carlos Ribeiro
    • 10
  • Eric Font
    • 2
    • 11
  • Conceição Neves
    • 2
    • 12
  • Cristina Roque
    • 2
    • 13
  • Filipe Rosas
    • 2
  • Luís Pinheiro
    • 14
  • Rafael Bartolomé
    • 15
  • Valentí Sallarès
    • 15
  • Vítor Magalhães
    • 1
    • 2
  • Teresa Medialdea
    • 16
  • Luis Somoza
    • 16
  • Eulàlia Gràcia
    • 15
  • Christian Hensen
    • 17
  • Marc-André Gutscher
    • 18
  • António Ribeiro
    • 2
  • Nevio Zitellini
    • 19
  1. 1.Instituto Português do Mar e da AtmosferaLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Faculdade de Ciências, Instituto Dom Luiz, Universidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Departament de Dinámica, la Terra I de l’Oceà, Facultat de Ciències de la TerraInstitut de Recerca Geomodels, Universitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Terractiva Consulting SLBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Geosurveys - Geophysical Consultants, Zona Industrial de TaboeiraAveiroPortugal
  6. 6.UCD School of Earth SciencesIrish Centre for Research in Applied Geosciences (ICRAG)Belfield, Dublin 4Ireland
  7. 7.Department of Earth SciencesUni. NOVA Lisboa, and GeoBioTecCaparicaPortugal
  8. 8.Geotransfer (Instituto Universitario de Ciencias Ambientales de Aragón), Universidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  9. 9.ViennaAustria
  10. 10.Departamento de Geociências, Escola de Ciências e TecnogiaInstituto de Ciências da Terra, Universidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  11. 11.Departamento de Ciências da Terra, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  12. 12.Universidade do AlgarveFaroPortugal
  13. 13.Estrutura de Missão para a Extensão da Plataforma ContinentalPaço de ArcosPortugal
  14. 14.Departamento de Geociências e CESAMUniversidade de AveiroAveiroPortugal
  15. 15.B-CSI, Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSICBarcelonaSpain
  16. 16.Instituto Geológico Minero de EspañaMadridSpain
  17. 17.GEOMAR, Helmholtz-Centre for Ocean Research KielKielGermany
  18. 18.Laboratoire Géosciences OcéanUniversité de Bretagne Occidental-Brest, CNRS-IUEMPlouzanéFrance
  19. 19.ISMAR - Istituto Scienze MarineBolognaItaly

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