Manufacturing of Titanium and Its Alloys

  • Wioletta Florkiewicz
  • Dagmara Malina
  • Bożena Tyliszczak
  • Agnieszka Sobczak-KupiecEmail author
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 198)


The idea of sustainability is based on three main pillars which are the society, the environment, and the economy, and is aimed at meeting the requirements of the present generation, and ensuring the ability of fulfillment of needs for future generations. The sustainability requires implementation of energy and resource-efficient technologies, which are environmentally friendly, reduce production waste and incorporate their effective management, and maintain financially-effective as well. On account of the effort and costs associated with the titanium manufacturing, there is a consequential need for improved sustainable production of this material. Extensively utilization of titanium and its alloys for specialized applications in the fields of aerospace, medical and general industry, caused by their high specific strength and excellent corrosion resistance, drive the development of this class of materials. Nevertheless, despite their desirable properties, they are generally considered as products of high-cost. This work presents an overview of current titanium production methods, their critical evaluation, as well as trends in titanium production development processes in conjunction with the idea of sustainable manufacturing. This paper focuses on titanium production processes with particular emphasis on the operating conditions, the effect of energy consumption and environmental impact assessment of current and proposed technologies of titanium production. The main object of this work is to discuss the challenges, economic and environmental aspects of titanium and its alloys’ production methods.


Titanium Manufacturing Clean production 



We gratefully acknowledge financial support from National Science Centre in the frame of UMO-2016/21/D/ST8/01697.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wioletta Florkiewicz
    • 1
  • Dagmara Malina
    • 1
  • Bożena Tyliszczak
    • 2
  • Agnieszka Sobczak-Kupiec
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Inorganic Chemistry and Technology, Cracow University of TechnologyCracowPoland
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Technology of PolymersCracow University of TechnologyCracowPoland

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