European and International Education Policies—Part III Introduction

  • Lars LehmannEmail author
  • Markus J. Prutsch


This chapter argues that education has become an increasingly important policy area both at the European and international level, and that the growing political importance of education in Europe and internationally is accompanied by an active use of numbers. This is manifest, for example, in policy objectives being formulated in numerical terms. The chapter also problematises in how far numbers can be seen as a convenient ‘universal language’ especially in the educational field to help transcending cultural and linguistic diversity.


Education International governmental organisations European Union Benchmarks 



  1. Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Paris, 14 December 1960).
  2. EUROPE 2020. A Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth (3 March 2010).
  3. European Parliamentary Research Service: The Open Method of Coordination (October 2014).
  4. Lisbon European Council, 23 and 24 March 2000, Presidency Conclusions.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and HumanitiesHeidelbergGermany

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