Evaluation of Routing Performances in MANET Based on Pause Time Variation of RWP Model

  • Younes Ben ChigraEmail author
  • Abderrahim Ghadi
  • Mohamed Bouhorma
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Intelligent Transportation and Infrastructure book series (LNITI)


Mobile Ad Hoc Network plays a major role in facilitating communication between autonomous entities in different application fields. Moreover, nowadays applications require nodes to move from their initial position. Therefore, mobility of nodes in mobile ad hoc network represents the main issue that should be addressed carefully while designing routing protocols. The purpose of this paper is the evaluation of the impact of node mobility on routing protocols. Hence, DSDV, DSR and AODV have been implemented using Network Simulators NS2 and then we assessed the efficiency of each protocol under a particular scenario in relation to performance the QoS metrics such as latency, Throughput, Packet delivery ratio and routing overhead. Moreover, simulations were carried out using several pause time value and Random Way Point (RWP) as mobility model. The study shows that AODV has better performances in high mobility level.


Mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) Routing protocols Mobility QoS NS2 


  1. 1.
    Qiu, T., Chen, N., Li, K., Qiao, D., Fu, Z.: Heterogeneous ad hoc networks: architectures, advances and challenges. Ad Hoc Netw. 55, 143–152 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Loo, J., Lloret Mauri, J., Ortiz, J.H. (eds.): Mobile Ad hoc Networks: Current Status and Future Trends. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla. (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zeadally, S., Hunt, R., Chen, Y.-S., Irwin, A., Hassan, A.: Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETS): status, results, and challenges. Telecommun. Syst. 50, 217–241 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Singh, K., Verma, A.K.: Flying adhoc networks concept and challenges. Encycl. Inf. Sci. Technol. Fourth Ed. 6106–6113 (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yang, J., Liu, S., Liu, Q., Qiao, G.: UMDR: multi-path routing protocol for underwater ad hoc networks with directional antenna. J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 960, 012010 (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ilyas, M.: The Handbook of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks. CRC Press (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ben Chigra, Y., Ghadi, A., Bouhorma, M.: Taxonomy of routing protocols in MANETs. In: Ezziyyani, M., Bahaj, M., Khoukhi, F. (eds.) Advanced Information Technology, Services and Systems, pp. 280–288. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dorronsoro, B.: Evolutionary algorithms for mobile ad hoc networks. Computer society, IEEE, Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Patel, P.V., Kadhiwala, B.: Broadcasting techniques for route discovery in mobile Adhoc network—A survey. In: 2016 3rd International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom), pp. 671–674 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sarkar, S.K., Basavaraju, T.G., Puttamadappa, C.: Ad hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Principles, Protocols, and Applications. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Johnson, D., Hu, Y., Maltz, D.: The dynamic source routing protocol (DSR) for mobile ad hoc networks for IPv4 (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Perkins, C., Belding-Royer, E., Das, S.: Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing (2003)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sahu, V., Sharma, G., Paulus, R.: Study of performance variation of AODV routing protocol for various parameter patterns using Qualnet simulator (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jain, R., Shrivastava, L.: Study and performance comparison of AODV & DSR on the basis of path loss propagation models. Int. J. Adv. Sci. Technol. 32, 45–52 (2011)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Monika, S.B., Dhiman, A.: Comparative study of AODV, DSDV and DSR routing protocols in vehicular network using EstiNet simulator. Int. J. Sci. Eng. Res. 3, 1 (2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sharma, M.L., Rizvi, N.F., Sharma, N., Malhan, A., Sharma, S.: Performance evaluation of MANET routing protocols under CBR and FTP traffic classes. Int. J. Comp. Tech. Appl. 2, 393–400 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Qin, L., Kunz, T.: Increasing packet delivery ratio in DSR by link prediction. In: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2003, pp. 10–pp. IEEE (2003)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Issariyakul, T., Hossain, E.: Introduction to Network Simulator NS2. Springer Science & Business Media (2011)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
    Sarangapani, J.: Wireless Ad hoc and Sensor Networks: Protocols, Performance, and Control. CRC Press (2017)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Saini, A., Nath, R.: Performance evaluation of AODV and DSR routing protocol on varying speed and pause time in mobile ad hoc networks. In: Lobiyal, D.K., Mansotra, V., Singh, U. (eds.) Next-Generation Networks, pp. 313–322. Springer Singapore, Singapore (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Younes Ben Chigra
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abderrahim Ghadi
    • 1
  • Mohamed Bouhorma
    • 1
  1. 1.Computing, Systems and Telecommunications Laboratory, UAE-FSTTTangierMorocco

Personalised recommendations