Advertisement

EBSCode—Eco Based Surf Code—Surfing for a Sustainable Development of Beaches: The Portuguese Case

  • Fernanda OliveiraEmail author
  • Sofia Eurico
  • João Paulo Jorge
Chapter
Part of the Tourism, Hospitality & Event Management book series (THEM)

Abstract

The main aim of this study is the creation of a Code of Conduct (CC) that establishes a set of rules that will somehow guideline the behaviour of a specific segment of beaches’ users: surfers. This study considers, in a first instance, the Portuguese framework, which has no such tool nationally recognized and used by all and it aims to analyse other realities with similar characteristics which already use Codes of Conduct (CsC) and that will help to design this tool. This CC is part of the category of voluntary instruments for a sustainable development of Tourism and it aims mainly to promote a responsible use of beaches, preserving this natural resource to future generations. The methodology procedures include literature review, the analysis of specialized technical documents that address this topic and an internet exhaustive qualitative research of CsC throughout the world, via Internet official sites. The research was conducted in different languages to enlarge the scope and possibilities of finding as many CsC as possible. In total 20 generic codes related to the use of beaches by surfers were analyzed. EBSCode innovates as it introduces the ecological component in its principles answering the main aim of this study.

References

  1. Agarwal, S. (2002). Restructuring seaside tourism. The resort lifecycle. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(1), 25–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bardin, L. (2015). Análise de Conteúdo. Edições 70. ISBN 9789724415062.Google Scholar
  3. Beaumont, E., & Brown, D. (2014). It’s not something I’m proud of but it’s … just how I feel’: local surfer perspectives of localism. Leisure Studies, 33, 45–61.Google Scholar
  4. Bryman, A. (2012). Social Research Methods (4th ed.). USA: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-958805-3.Google Scholar
  5. Dorsey, E. R., Steeves, H. L., & Porras, L. E. (2004). Advertising ecotourism on the internet: Commodifying environment and culture. New Media and Society, 6, 753–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Esparza, D. (2016). Towards a theory of surfing expansion: The beginnings of surfing in spain as a case study. RICYDE Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 44, 199–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fletcher, S., Bateman, P., & Emery, A. (2011). The governance of the Boscombe artificial surf reef, UK. Land Use Policy, 28, 295–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Flick, U. (2009). Introdução à Pesquisa Qualitativa (3rd ed., p. 9788536317113). ISBN: Bookman.Google Scholar
  9. Ho, K. C., Baber, Z., & Khondker, H. (2002). ‘Sites’ of resistance: alternative websites and state-society relations. British Journal of Sociology, 53(1), 127–148.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00071310120109366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jurado, E., Damian, I., & Fernandez-Morales, A. (2013). Carrying capacity model applied in coastal destinations. Annals of Tourism Research, 43, 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Martin, S., & Assenov, I. (2012). The genesis of a new body of sport tourism literature: A systematic review of surf tourism research (1997–2011). Journal of Sport & Tourism, 17(4), 257–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ponting, J., & O’Brien, D. (2015). Regulating “Nirvana”: Sustainable surf tourism in a climate of increasing regulation. Sport Management Review, 18, 99–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Scarfe, B., Healy, T., Rennie, H., & Mead, S. (2009). Sustainable management of surfing breaks: Case studies and recommendations. Journal of Coastal Research, 25(3), 684–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Spacek, P. (2014). Wetiquette. How to hang ten without stepping on anyone’s toes. An illustrated guide to surf etiquette. Ditch Ink. ISBN 0991592905, 9780991592906.Google Scholar
  15. Tomson, S., & Moser, P. (2006a). Surfer’s Code—12 Simple Lessons for Business & Life.Google Scholar
  16. Tomson, S., & Moser, P. (2006b). Surfer’s code—12 simple lessons for business & life (1st ed.). UTAH/USA:Gibbs Smith Publisher. ISBN 978-1-14236-2227-7.Google Scholar
  17. UTAH/USA: Gibbs Smith Publisher (1st ed.). ISBN 978-1-14236-2227-7.Google Scholar
  18. UNWTO. (1999). Global code of ethics for tourism. Retrieved August 29, 2013 from http://ethics.unwto.org/en/content/global-code-ethics-tourism.
  19. UNWTO/UNEP. (2005). Making tourism more sustainable – a guide for policy makers. France/Spain: UNEP/UNWTO.Google Scholar
  20. Wisewell, A. (2013). The Surfer Coach. Lulu Press, Inc. ISBN1105610594, 9781105610592.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernanda Oliveira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sofia Eurico
    • 1
  • João Paulo Jorge
    • 1
  1. 1.CITUR - Tourism Applied Research Centre, ESTM - Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Santuário Nª Senhora dos RemédiosPenichePortugal

Personalised recommendations