• Pauline BernardEmail author
Part of the Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences book series (LNCIS, volume 479)


This chapter introduces Part I which presents the most usual normal forms and their associated observers: the state-affine forms on the one hand and the triangular forms on the other hand. Some useful concepts such as the observability grammian are defined and the overall content of this part is presented through a global table.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical, Electronic, and Information Engineering “Guglielmo Marconi”University of BolognaBolognaItaly

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