A Critical Examination of the Naturalistic Narrative of the Anthropocene

  • Anne FremauxEmail author
Part of the Environmental Politics and Theory book series (EPT)


Against the optimistic and technocratic way of considering the Anthropocene as the ‘new age of humans,’ i.e., ‘human’s power over nature,’ this chapter rather evidences that the Anthropocene is an epoch of great danger and indeterminacy—and for scientists themselves, an age of ‘impotent power’—which calls, therefore, for prudence and humility. In opposition to the ecomodernist techno-optimistic ‘neoliberal Anthropocene,’ the alternative is a humbler ‘democratic Anthropocene,’ in which humanity repairs and protects the world instead of trying to master or replace it. This chapter also shows that the need for a more critical and normative Anthropocene research agenda (as opposed to calls for a depoliticized and techno-focused ‘good Anthropocene’) has become pressing. It challenges the unifying narrative proposed by the proponents of the ‘Anthropocene’ concept according to which the new geological era would be the result of a ‘natural’ evolutionary history of humanity. On the contrary, it demonstrates that the Anthropocene, far from being a consequence of ‘natural evolution,’ is linked to specific sociohistorical events such as the development of growth-based economies and the imbalanced ecological and economic exchanges between the North and the South, which globally characterized the rise of carbon-fueled, consumer capitalism. For this reason, the Anthropocene raises issues of global (environmental) justice, unequal geographical effects of the ecological crisis, and uneven distribution of wealth, power and responsibility that the green republicanism presented in this book seeks to address.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Politics, International Studies and PhilosophyQueen’s UniversityBelfastUK

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