Significance of Technology Factors in the Context of Development of Health Care Sector in Latvia

  • Daiga Behmane
  • Henrijs KalkisEmail author
  • Anita Villerusa
  • Uldis Berkis
  • Didzis Rutitis
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 903)


The aim of the study is to evaluate significance of technology factors in the context of development of health care sector in Latvia in order to improve the external environment and performance of the health sector from the perspective of increasing the opportunity to provide medical service exports in Latvia. The study evaluates external national level conditions affecting the development of Latvian health care industry by applying the PEST analysis framework. The ranking of the PEST components was carried out using the expert method and implementing structured interviews for data collection. The study justifies that there are opportunities for increasing competition, and technological progress is indicated as the leading technology factor in the Latvian health care market.


Health care industry Competitiveness External factors Technological factors 


  1. 1.
    Lunt, N., Smith, R., Exworthy, M., Green. S.T., Horsfall, D., Mannion, R.: Medical tourism: treatments, markets and health system implications: a scoping review. Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Competition among health care providers: Investigating policy options in the European Union, expert panel on expert panel on effective ways of investing in health (2015).
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Thimbleby, H.: Technology and the future of healthcare. J. Public Health Res. 2(3), e28 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bodolica, V., Spragon, M., Tofan, G.: A structuration framework for bridging the macro–micro divide in health-care governance. Health Expect. 19(4), 790–804 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ketels, C.: Review of Competitiveness Frameworks. An Analysis Conducted for the Irish National Competitiveness Council (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    van den Ven, W.P., Beck, K., Buchner, F., Schokkaert, E., Schut, F.T., Shmueli, A., Wasem, J.: Preconditions for efficiency and affordability in competitive healthcare markets: are they fulfilled in Belgium, Germany, Israel, the Netherlands and Switzerland? Health Policy 109, 226–245 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rechel, B., Wright, S., Edwards, N., Dowdeswell, B., McKee, M.: Investing in Hospitals of the Future. Observatory Studies No 16. European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, Copenhagen (2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nunes, R., Brandao, C., Rego, G.: Public accountability and sunshine regulation. Health Care Anal. 19, 352–364 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Health Policy in Latvia. OECD Health Policy Overview.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daiga Behmane
    • 1
  • Henrijs Kalkis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anita Villerusa
    • 1
  • Uldis Berkis
    • 1
  • Didzis Rutitis
    • 2
  1. 1.Riga Stradins UniversityRigaLatvia
  2. 2.BA School of Business and FinanceRigaLatvia

Personalised recommendations