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From Empirical Analysis to Public Policy: Evaluating Housing Systems for Homeless Youth

  • Hau ChanEmail author
  • Eric Rice
  • Phebe Vayanos
  • Milind Tambe
  • Matthew Morton
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11053)

Abstract

There are nearly 2 million homeless youth in the United States each year. Coordinated entry systems are being used to provide homeless youth with housing assistance across the nation. Despite these efforts, the number of youth still homeless or unstably housed remains very high. Motivated by this fact, we initiate a first study to understand and analyze the current governmental housing systems for homeless youth. In this paper, we aim to provide answers to the following questions: (1) What is the current governmental housing system for assigning homeless youth to different housing assistance? (2) Can we infer the current assignment guidelines of the local housing communities? (3) What is the result and outcome of the current assignment process? (4) Can we predict whether the youth will be homeless after receiving the housing assistance? To answer these questions, we first provide an overview of the current housing systems. Next, we use simple and interpretable machine learning tools to infer the decision rules of the local communities and evaluate the outcomes of such assignment. We then determine whether the vulnerability features/rubrics can be used to predict youth’s homelessness status after receiving housing assistance. Finally, we discuss the policy recommendations from our study for the local communities and the U.S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

Keywords

Housing system Homeless youth Classification 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by MURI Grant W911NF-11-1-0332.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hau Chan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eric Rice
    • 2
  • Phebe Vayanos
    • 2
  • Milind Tambe
    • 2
  • Matthew Morton
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  2. 2.University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Chapin Hall at the University of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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