Screening and Production of Biogas from Macro Algae Biomass of Padina boergesenii, Colpomenia sinuosa, and Ulva sp.
This chapter focuses on the bioprospecting of macro algae species in the Arabian Gulf, Abu Dhabi coast. Three species of macro algae were collected and subjected for detailed analysis and determination of biogas potentials, Padina boergesenii, Colpomenia sinuosa, and Ulva sp. Composition analysis and elemental analysis were used to determine bioenergy potentials. Anaerobic digestion of the three macro algae samples was carried out at two different volatile solid loadings (0.2 and 0.5%). The results showed significant methane yield for all three species, with Ulva sp. yielding higher methane production compared to Padina boergesenii and Colpomenia sinuosa. Biogas production for Ulva sp. was furthermore carried out at 1%, 3%, and 5% VS loading. The highest specific methane production for Ulva sp. was observed with 1% VS reaching 223 ml_CH4/gVS in 27 days.
KeywordsBiogas Macro algae Seawater Padina boergesenii Colpomenia sinuosa Ulva sp.
- Bikker P, van Krimpen MM, van Wikselaar P, Houweling-Tan B, Scaccia N, van Hal JW, Huijgen WJJ, Cone JW, López-Contreras AM (2016) Biorefinery of the green seaweed Ulva lactuca to produce animal feed, chemicals and biofuels. J Appl Phycol 28:3511–3525. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-016-0842-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Foley JA, Ramankutty N, Brauman KA, Cassidy ES, Gerber JS, Johnston M, Mueller ND, O’Connell C, Ray DK, West PC, Balzer C, Bennett EM, Carpenter SR, Hill J, Monfreda C, Polasky S, Rockström J, Sheehan J, Siebert S, Tilman D, Zaks DPM (2011) Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature 478:337–342. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Golberg A, Vitkin E, Linshiz G, Khan SA, Hillson NJ, Yakhini Z, Yarmush ML (2012) Proposed design of distributed macroalgal biorefineries: thermodynamics, bioconversion technology, and sustainability implications for developing economies. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin 8:67–82. https://doi.org/10.1002/bbbCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kim S-K (2015) Handbook of marine biotechnology. Springer, Berlin. ISBN 9783642539701Google Scholar
- Laurens LML (2013) Summative mass analysis of algal biomass—integration of analytical procedures. National Renewable Energy Laboratory; 14. https://doi.org/10.2172/1118072
- Selig MJ, Weiss N, Ji Y (2008) Enzymatic saccharification of lignocellulosic biomass. Renew Energy. NREL/TP-51Google Scholar
- Sluiter A, Hames B, Hyman D, Payne C, Ruiz R, Scarlata C, Sluiter J, Templeton D, Nrel JW (2008a) Determination of total solids in biomass and total dissolved solids in liquid process samples. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden. NREL/TP-510-42621Google Scholar
- Sluiter A, Hames B, Ruiz R, Scarlata C, Sluiter J, Templeton D (2008b) Determination of ash in biomass: Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP). National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden. NREL/TP-510-42622Google Scholar
- Sluiter A, Hames B, Ruiz RO, Scarlata C, Sluiter J, Templeton D (2011) Energy D. of determination of structural carbohydrates and lignin in biomass. Biomass Anal Technol Team Lab Anal Proced. NREL/TP-51Google Scholar