Biorefinery pp 351-373 | Cite as

Nutrient and Carbon Recovery from Organic Wastes

  • Eric Walling
  • Alexandre Babin
  • Céline VaneeckhauteEmail author


An increasing amount of waste is produced year over year, without any signs of slowing down. However, by reorienting the perspective, organic residual waste can be seen as a valuable source of nutrients and carbon that should be valorized, instead of a waste product to be disposed of. This chapter covers the main methods of converting waste into value-added products. Two main categories of waste conversion technologies are explored: thermochemical and biochemical. Thermochemical conversion technologies include incineration, gasification, pyrolysis, and torrefaction, while biochemical conversion technologies include anaerobic digestion, fermentation, composting, and landfills with gas capture. Additional technologies for nutrient recovery as marketable end products following thermochemical and biochemical conversion are also discussed, including phosphorus (P) extraction, ammonia stripping and absorption, precipitation/crystallization, and membrane filtration. Carbon dioxide capture and valorization is also briefly explored. This chapter aims at providing general information on these technologies and the products that can be obtained through their use.


Organic wastes Nutrient recovery Carbon recovery Biorefinery Thermochemical conversion Biochemical conversion Landfill gas capture 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Walling
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexandre Babin
    • 1
  • Céline Vaneeckhaute
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.BioEngine—Research Team on Green Process Engineering and Biorefineries, Chemical Engineering DepartmentUniversité LavalQuébecCanada
  2. 2.CentrEau, Centre de recherche sur l’eau, Université LavalQuébecCanada

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