Poetry Visualization in Digital Technology

  • Zakiah Noh
  • Siti Zaleha Zainal Abidin
  • Nasiroh Omar
Part of the Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning book series (IAKM, volume 7)


Digital technology has opened up research opportunities in information and knowledge management. For many years, humanities scholars, linguists, and computer scientists have collaborated in digital poetry visualization research in order to work on different modes of expression in a poem that can reshape the relationship between texts, images, and sound. The efficiency of handling poetry information is a part of the knowledge management process. It is estimated that quite a few of languages in the world will extinct due to the neglect of the native nation. In addition, the continuous influence of other languages that bring along different cultures may also have negative impact to the originality of a nation’s humanistic documents. This chapter discusses poetry visualization that covers the review of poetry visualization for graphical and textual forms. It summarizes the review by presenting distinctive parameters in textual poetry visualization. This chapter also illustrates a case study of pantun (Malay language poem) visualization. A visual information design is produced as one of the tools to preserve the language that can be beneficial in distant and close reading activities. The evaluation on the case study is briefly explained with its important highlights.


Digital technology Humanistic document Malay pantun Digital poem Textual form Visualization Visual design 


  1. Abdul-Rahman, A., Lein, J., Coles, K., Maguire, E., Meyer, M., Wynne, M., Johnson, C. R., Trefethen, A., & Chen, M. (2013). Rule-based visual mappings – with a case study on poetry visualization. Computer Graphics Forum, 32(3 Part 4), 381–390. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arifin, L. (2015). Seni visual pantun – Newspaper clipping – University of Malaya Library. Accessed Sept 28, 2018, from
  3. Benner, D. C. (2014). The sounds of the psalter: Computational analysis of soundplay. Literary and Linguistic Computing, 29(3), 361–378. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bentkowska-Kafel, A., Cashen, T., Gardiner, H., & NetLibrary Inc. (2005). Digital art history a subject in transition. Computers and the history of art series 1.;cb-pdf
  5. Chaturvedi, M., Gannod, G., Mandell, L., Armstrong, H., & Hodgson, E. (2012). Myopia: A visualization tool in support of close reading. Digital Humanities 2012. Retrieved from
  6. Chen, M., & Jaenicke, H. (2010). An information-theoretic framework for visualization. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 16(6), 1206–1215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coles, K., & Lein, J. G. (2013). Finding and figuring flow: Notes toward multidimensional poetry visualization (pp. 444–448). doi:
  8. Coron, T. (2018). The best software for digital artists. Retrieved September 9, 2018, from
  9. Delmonte, R. (2015). Visualizing poetry with SPARSAR – Visual maps from poetic content. 4th Workshop on Computational Linguistics for Literature (CLfL 2015), 68–78. Retrieved from
  10. Graham, E. (2017). Introduction: Data visualisation and the humanities. English Studies, 98(5), 449–458. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hassan, A. (2005). Linguistik am. PTS Professional Publishing.Google Scholar
  12. Hughes, J. (2007). Poetry: A powerful medium for literacy and technology development. The Literacy and Numeracy Secretariat.Google Scholar
  13. Jessop, M. (2008). Digital visualization as a scholarly activity. Literary and Linguistic Computing, 23(3), 281–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Karim, N. S., Onn, F. M., Musa, H. H., & Mahmood, A. H. (2013). Tatabahasa dewan, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.Google Scholar
  15. Lin, H. C. K., Hsieh, M. C., Liu, E. Z. F., & Chuang, T. Y. (2012). Interacting with visual poems through AR-based digital artwork. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 11(1), 123–137.Google Scholar
  16. Madnani, N. (2005). Emily: A tool for visual poetry analysis. Technical Report: University of Maryland (April 2005).Google Scholar
  17. McCurdy, N., Lein, J., Coles, K., & Meyer, M. (2016). Poemage: Visualizing the sonic topology of a poem. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 22(1), 439–448. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Meneses, L., & Furuta, R. (2015). Visualizing poetry: Creating tools for critical analysis. Poetess Archive Journal, 3(1), 1–14.Google Scholar
  19. Mittmann, A., Von Wangenheim, A., & Dos Santos, A. L. (2016). A multi-level visualization scheme for poetry. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Visualisation, 2016August, pp. 312–317. doi:
  20. Myers, A., Milton, L., & Lu, C. (2015). VerseVis: Visualization of spoken features in poetry. University of Maryland, Technical Report, 1–9. Retrieved from
  21. Ollila, B., & Jantas, J. (2006). The definition of poetry. Retrieved from
  22. Piez, W. (2010). Towards hermeneutic markup: An architectural outline. Proceedings of the Digital Humanities, 2010, 1–5. Retrieved from Google Scholar
  23. Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu. (2010). Khidmat nasihat: soal-jawab. Retrieved Sept 23, 2018, from
  24. Robinson, J. R. (2006). Colors of poetry: Computational deconstruction. Master Thesis of Romance Languages, Georgia State University.Google Scholar
  25. Sinar Harian. (2015). Muhyiddin: Hasilkan karya benar, bukan palsu. Accessed Sept 9, 2018, from
  26. Tuah, D. (2015). Dilema Bahasa Melayu di Malaysia. Utusan Borneo (Sarawak). Retrieved Sept 9, 2018, from
  27. Utusan Online. (2003a). Pantun: Warisan Melayu kian pupus. Accessed Sept 9, 2018, from
  28. Utusan Online. (2003b). Pantun lambang pemikiran Melayu. Accessed Sept 9, 2018, from
  29. Utusan Online. (2017). Bahasa Melayu terpinggir dan diketepikan. Accessed Sept 23, 2018, from
  30. Wei, W., Chi, B., & Lin, L. (2017). A preliminary study on Chinese poetries’ artistic conception for digital visualization application of intangible cultural heritage. International Conference on Economics, Management Engineering and Marketing (EMEM 2017), pp. 324–334.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zakiah Noh
    • 1
  • Siti Zaleha Zainal Abidin
    • 1
  • Nasiroh Omar
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Computer and Mathematical SciencesUniversiti Teknologi MARA Shah AlamShah Alam, SelangorMalaysia

Personalised recommendations