11 Demography of Inequality

  • Mark MatherEmail author
  • Beth Jarosz
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)


In this chapter, we focus on the intersection between demography and inequality. We start by providing a framework for studying the demography of inequality. How do the three components of population change, namely, fertility, mortality, and migration, and their effects on population growth and composition, influence patterns of income inequality? Next, we describe some of the key methodological issues and challenges in measuring inequality. The remaining sections of our chapter focus on patterns and trends in inequality globally and within the United States, and we also examine the social, economic, and demographic factors that contribute to, or are influenced by, those patterns and trends. We look specifically at the key patterns of inequality observed across different population subgroups and geographic areas. Finally, we touch briefly on the consequences of inequality, policy interventions that may address the persistent disparities between population subgroups, and future directions for research.


Demography Population Inequality Disparities Segregation Gender Race Poverty Education Employment 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Population Reference BureauWashingtonUSA

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