Systems of Education Governance and Cultures of Justice in Ireland, Scotland and Pakistan

  • Fiona KingEmail author
  • Christine Forde
  • Jamila Razzaq
  • Deirdre Torrance
Part of the Intercultural Studies in Education book series (ISE)


This chapter compares the issue of cultures of justice in the systems of education governance in three education systems: Ireland, Scotland and Pakistan. The focus for the comparison are the current policies which shape the regulation of education. These policies were reviewed to identify key issues relating to social justice and equality, decision-making and accountability. From the analysis of each system, three central issues were identified: firstly, the improvement of a state education system; secondly, the degree of decentralisation and centralisation in governance structures and thirdly, the expectations placed on school leaders. The chapter concludes by discussing the tensions between the drive for system improvement and opportunities for school leaders to build strategies to address issues of inequality in schools.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fiona King
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christine Forde
    • 2
  • Jamila Razzaq
    • 2
  • Deirdre Torrance
    • 3
  1. 1.Dublin City UniversityDublinIreland
  2. 2.University of GlasgowGlasgowScotland, UK
  3. 3.Moray House School of EducationUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghScotland, UK

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