Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs) Potential in MENA Region: Critical Review on Egypt Case

  • Khaled IsmailEmail author
  • Mohamed Hamdy
  • Ahmed Maher
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


The aim of this paper is to assess the gaps and needs for net-zero energy buildings (NZEBS) design and implementations in MENA Region, particularly in Egypt. The paper reviews current government efforts and regulations on energy efficiency in buildings, the academic efforts in developing NZEBs concept, as well as challenges and barriers in building design phases. For illustration, the paper summarized study undertaken to analyze the potential challenges and opportunities for implement (NZEBs) in Egypt as an example of Mena region. Two case studies in Mena region E-JUST campus in Egypt and MASDAR City in UAE had been analyzed. The review and case studies show a lack of energy performance in Egyptian buildings code and optimization calculation methods, as well as limited numbers of academic work for NZEBs which studied the Egyptian case. It is concluded that the current building codes and laws need to be upgraded to include the energy performance of buildings requirements, a database for buildings materials need to be developed with studies to the cost optimal for different buildings type in Egypt, one the challenges of the NZEBs in is the vernacular environment and enhancing the implementation procedures.


Zero-energy buildings Zero-energy neighborhood Energy efficiency Gaps Scale 



Net zero energy buildings


The regional center for renewable energy and energy efficiency


Middle East and North Africa


Gross domestic product




Energy efficiency


United Nations development program


Ministry of electricity and energy


The Egyptian electricity holdings companies


The recast energy performance of buildings directive


Egyptian knowledge bank


Building performance simulation


Building integrated with photovoltaic


Energy performance level


Discounted payback time


Multicriteria acceptability analysis


Renewable energy technologies


Heating ventilation and air conditioning


Net zero energy neighborhood


Egyptian Japanese university


Personal rapid transit


National energy action plan of Egypt


Egyptian domestic energy model


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture, Faculty of Fine ArtsMinia UniversityMiniaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringNTNU Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Power EngineeringHelwan UniversityCairoEgypt

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