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Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs) Potential in MENA Region: Critical Review on Egypt Case

  • Khaled IsmailEmail author
  • Mohamed Hamdy
  • Ahmed Maher
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to assess the gaps and needs for net-zero energy buildings (NZEBS) design and implementations in MENA Region, particularly in Egypt. The paper reviews current government efforts and regulations on energy efficiency in buildings, the academic efforts in developing NZEBs concept, as well as challenges and barriers in building design phases. For illustration, the paper summarized study undertaken to analyze the potential challenges and opportunities for implement (NZEBs) in Egypt as an example of Mena region. Two case studies in Mena region E-JUST campus in Egypt and MASDAR City in UAE had been analyzed. The review and case studies show a lack of energy performance in Egyptian buildings code and optimization calculation methods, as well as limited numbers of academic work for NZEBs which studied the Egyptian case. It is concluded that the current building codes and laws need to be upgraded to include the energy performance of buildings requirements, a database for buildings materials need to be developed with studies to the cost optimal for different buildings type in Egypt, one the challenges of the NZEBs in is the vernacular environment and enhancing the implementation procedures.

Keywords

Zero-energy buildings Zero-energy neighborhood Energy efficiency Gaps Scale 

Nomenclature

NZEBs

Net zero energy buildings

RCREEE

The regional center for renewable energy and energy efficiency

MENA

Middle East and North Africa

GDP

Gross domestic product

AC

Air-conditioning

EE

Energy efficiency

UNDP

United Nations development program

MOEE

Ministry of electricity and energy

EEHC

The Egyptian electricity holdings companies

EPBD/EU

The recast energy performance of buildings directive

EKB

Egyptian knowledge bank

BPS

Building performance simulation

BIPV

Building integrated with photovoltaic

CO-EPL

Energy performance level

DPB

Discounted payback time

SMAA

Multicriteria acceptability analysis

RETs

Renewable energy technologies

HVAC

Heating ventilation and air conditioning

NZEN

Net zero energy neighborhood

E-just

Egyptian Japanese university

PRT

Personal rapid transit

NEAPE

National energy action plan of Egypt

EDEM

Egyptian domestic energy model

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture, Faculty of Fine ArtsMinia UniversityMiniaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringNTNU Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Power EngineeringHelwan UniversityCairoEgypt

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