Informed consent is required before surgical procedures can be carried out. The patient must be informed of the potential benefits of the procedure as well as the complications and potential risks. The likelihood of particular risks occurring should also be explained with tailoring to individual patients. For example, infection risk will be higher in smokers, immunocompromised patients and those with diabetes; bleeding will be more likely if the patient has a coagulopathy. All alternative treatment modalities should also be discussed, and all the patient’s questions answered so any consent then given is fully informed. In this chapter we will highlight the risks and complications that must be discussed and documented on the consent form.
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- 1.Royal College of Surgeons of England Professional and Clinical Standards – Consent: Supported Decision Making. A guide to good practice. London: Royal College of Surgeons of England; 2016.Google Scholar