Revitalisation of Historic Gardens—Sustainable Models of Renewal

  • Mladen Obad ŠćitarociEmail author
  • Mara Marić
  • Koraljka Vahtar-Jurković
  • Ksenija Radić Knežević
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


The main research aim of this paper is to determine appropriate and sustainable models of revitalisation of historic gardens and parks which must respect the gardens’ authenticity and inherited identity features, but also allow for contemporary interventions and new facilities. The fundamental criterion for such interventions is to preserve the historical identity and revitalise the former atmosphere while affirming authenticity. The goal is to identify suitable models of revitalisation of gardens and parks. Three different examples are used in this research: (1) gardens of Renaissance summer villas in Dubrovnik (sixteenth to nineteenth century, Southern Adriatic); (2) historicist gardens in Opatija (late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Northern Adriatic); (3) historicist spa gardens (late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Northern Croatia). The models of renewal and revitalisation of the gardens and parks identified and examined are divided into two groups: basic models and thematic models. In relation to basic models, the following models are applicable: conservation, urban planning, architectural, functional, aesthetic and ambient models. Regarding thematic models, the following can be applied: activation, spatial (linear, networked or dispersed), economic, ecological, transformational and participative models. Research was conducted on selected examples of typologically diverse cultural heritage based on which historical and contemporary models were identified for use in the revitalisation and enhancement of historic gardens now and in the future.


Historic gardens Historic parks Revitalisation models Enhancement criteria (Heritage) Authenticity 



The research is part of the scientific project “Heritage Urbanism—Urban and Spatial Planning Models for Revival and Enhancement of Cultural Heritage”. It is financed by the Croatian Science Foundation [HRZZ-2032] and carried out at the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mladen Obad Šćitaroci
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mara Marić
    • 2
  • Koraljka Vahtar-Jurković
    • 3
  • Ksenija Radić Knežević
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of ArchitectureUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Department for Mediterranean PlantsUniversity of DubrovnikDubrovnikCroatia
  3. 3.Department for Spatial Planning, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Civil Engineering and Environmental Protection, Primorje-Gorski Kotar CountyUniversity of RijekaRijekaCroatia
  4. 4.Kvantum d.o.oZagrebCroatia

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