Heritage Urbanism and Landscape with the Sense and Limitations of the “Place”

  • Ester Higueras GarciaEmail author
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


Since the European Landscape Convention, where everything is culture and everything is landscape, the need to provide strategies of integrated action between both realities is a highly desirable goal. The structure to log it adopts the following sequence:
  1. 1.

    Knowledge of the place, as physical-spatial, landscape and historical interaction. We propose an initial analytical matrix as a starting point.

  2. 2.

    Determining carrying capacity. The physical and environmental physical load according to the characteristics of the place, using a simplified method of calculation.

  3. 3.

    Determining the attraction capacity of the place, by its patrimonial heritage (physical or immaterial).

Overarching these three realities, we can summarise the following aspects:
  • An array of compatibilities of use, according to the thresholds of the impacts on air, soil and water, to mitigate the negative impacts.

  • The result of the positive impacts, through the generation of jobs and wealth for the local population, and addressing an interesting experience for the tourist as well.

Architects, ecologists, urban planners and specialists in landscape sciences and ecology need new tools, hence the importance of these strategies, written in the form of a handbook for their determination. Finally, the case study of Easter Island is explained, thanks to the singularity of its location, the existence of a rich cultural heritage and with a continuous increase in tourism demand, where a new balance is required. This proposal could be replicated in other places and contexts, with similar characteristics, within the environmental protection of cultural landscapes and heritage.


Place Carrying capacity Landscape impacts Attraction capacity Cultural landscapes 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Urbanística y Ordenación del TerritorioUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

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