Advertisement

Nanostructured Imprinted Supported Photocatalysts: Organic and Inorganic Matrixes

  • Cícero Coelho de Escobar
  • João Henrique Z. dos Santos
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 29)

Abstract

A serious shortcoming in heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation is its low selectivity to the target contaminants. In this sense, preferential photodegradation by means of molecularly imprinted has been explored in the literature. This chapter aims to review some of latest works in respect of combination of molecularly imprinted with photocatalysis, covering the years from 2013 to 2018. The main findings of some of the latest studied are discussed in terms of organic and inorganic matrixes. The characterization methods applied to the molecularly imprinted photocatalyst (MIP) are also reviewed. Our conclusion is that the use of MIP based either on organic or inorganic matrixes is a promising way to enhance selectivity in the photocatalysis.

Keywords

Molecularly imprinted Photocatalyst Titanium dioxide Selectivity photocatalysis Preferential photodegradation Imprinting factor Textural characterization Structural characterization Template Extraction 

References

  1. Acar C, Dincer I, Zamfirescu C (2014) A review on selected heterogeneous photocatalysts for hydrogen production. Int J Energy Res 15:1903–1920.  https://doi.org/10.1002/er.3211 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arabzadeh N, Khosravi A, Mohammadi A et al (2016) Enhanced photodegradation of hazardous tartrazine by composite of nanomolecularly imprinted polymer-nanophotocatalyst with high efficiency. Desalination Water Treat 57:3142–3151.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.989414 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bagheri H, Piri-Moghadam H (2012) Sol–gel-based molecularly imprinted xerogel for capillary microextraction. Anal Bioanal Chem 404:1597–1602.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-012-6206-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhosale RR, Pujari SR, Muley GG et al (2014) Solar photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue using doped TiO2 nanoparticles. Sol Energy 103:473–479.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2014.02.043 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bora LV, Mewada RK (2017) Visible/solar light active photocatalysts for organic effluent treatment: fundamentals, mechanisms and parametric review. Renew Sust Energ Rev 76:1393–1421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boyjoo Y, Sun H, Liu J et al (2017) A review on photocatalysis for air treatment: from catalyst development to reactor design. Chem Eng J 310:537–359.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.06.090. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen L, Wang X, Lu W et al (2016) Molecular imprinting: perspectives and applications. Chem Soc Rev 45:2137–2211.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C6CS00061D CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. de Coelho Escobar C, dos Santos JHZ (2014) Effect of the sol–gel route on the textural characteristics of silica imprinted with Rhodamine B. J Sep Sci 37:868–875.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201301143 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Deng F, Liu Y, Luo X et al (2014) Sol-hydrothermal synthesis of inorganic-framework molecularly imprinted TiO2/SiO2 nanocomposite and its preferential photocatalytic degradation towards target contaminant. J Hazard Mater 278:108–115.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.05.088 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. de Escobar CC, Dallegrave A, Lansarin MA et al (2015) The sol–gel route effect on the preparation of molecularly imprinted silica-based materials for selective and competitive photocatalysis. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 486:96–105.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2015.09.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. de Escobar CC, Lansarin MA, Zimnoch dos Santos JH (2016) Synthesis of molecularly imprinted photocatalysts containing low TiO2 loading: evaluation for the degradation of pharmaceuticals. J Hazard Mater 306:359–366.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.11.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. de Escobar CC, Moreno Ruiz YP, dos Santos JHZ et al (2018) Molecularly imprinted TiO2 photocatalysts for degradation of diclofenac in water. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 538:729–738.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2017.11.044 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Etacheri V, Di Valentin C, Schneider et al (2015) Visible-light activation of TiO2 photocatalysts: advances in theory and experiments. J Photochem Photobiol C: Photochem Rev 25:1–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochemrev.2015.08.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fang J, Xu J, Chen J et al (2016) Enhanced photocatalytic activity of molecular imprinted nano α-Fe2O3 by hydrothermal synthesis using methylene blue as structure-directing agent. Colloids Surf A:Physicochem Eng Asp 508:124–134.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2016.08.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Farrington K, Regan F (2009) Molecularly imprinted sol gel for ibuprofen: an analytical study of the factors influencing selectivity. Talanta 78:653–659.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2008.12.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gao X, Wachs IE (1999) Titania–silica as catalysts: molecular structural characteristics and physico-chemical properties. Catal Today 51:233–254.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-5861(99)00048-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ghosh-Mukerji S, Haick H, Schvartzman M et al (2001) Selective photocatalysis by means of molecular recognition. J Am Chem Soc 123:10776–10777.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ja0117635 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Herrmann J-M (2010) Photocatalysis fundamentals revisited to avoid several misconceptions. Appl Catal B Environ 99(3–4):461–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Huang C, Tu Z, Shen X (2013) Molecularly imprinted photocatalyst with a structural analogue of template and its application. J Hazard Mater 248–249:379–386.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.01.037 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. IUPAC (1997) Compendium of chemical terminology, 2nd edn. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. Acessed 27 March 2018.  https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.P04580 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Khaki MRD, Shafeeyan MS, Raman AAA et al (2017) Application of doped photocatalysts for organic pollutant degradation – a review. J Environ Manag 198:78–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.099 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lai C, Wang M-M, Zeng G-M et al (2016) Synthesis of surface molecular imprinted TiO2/graphene photocatalyst and its highly efficient photocatalytic degradation of target pollutant under visible light irradiation. Appl Surf Sci 390:368–376.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.08.119 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Laxma RPV, Kavitha B, Kumar R et al (2017) TiO2-based photocatalytic disinfection of microbes in aqueous media: a review. Environ Res 154:296–303.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.01.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lazar MA, Daoud WA (2013) Achieving selectivity in TiO2-based photocatalysis. RSC Adv 3:4130–4140.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ra22665k CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Li J, Xu J, Dai W-L et al (2008) One-pot synthesis of twist-like helix tungsten–nitrogen-codoped titania photocatalysts with highly improved visible light activity in the abatement of phenol. Appl Catal B Environ 82:233–243.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2008.01.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Li S, Zhu M, Whitcombe MJ, Piletsky SA, Turner APF (2016) Molecularly imprinted polymers for enzyme-like catalysis: principle, design, and applications. In: Li S, Piletsky SA, Turner APF, Cao S (eds) Molecularly imprinted catalysts: principle, synthesis, and applications.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-801301-4.00001-3 Google Scholar
  27. Liu X, Lv P, Yao G et al (2014) Selective degradation of ciprofloxacin with modified NaCl/TiO2 photocatalyst by surface molecular imprinted technology. Colloids Surf A Physicoch Eng Asp 441:420–426.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2013.10.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Liu Y, Zhu J, Liu X et al (2016) A convenient approach of MIP/Co-TiO2 nanocomposites with highly enhanced photocatalytic activity and selectivity under visible light irradiation. RSC Adv 6:69326–69333.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra10727c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lofgreen JE, Ozin GA (2014) Controlling morphology and porosity to improve performance of molecularly imprinted sol-gel silica. Chem Soc Rev 43:911–933.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c3cs60276a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lu Z, Huo P, Luo Y et al (2013) Performance of molecularly imprinted photocatalysts based on fly-ash cenospheres for selective photodegradation of single and ternary antibiotics solution. J Mol Catal A Chem 378:91–98.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcata.2013.06.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lu Z, Chen F, He M et al (2014) Microwave synthesis of a novel magnetic imprinted TiO2 photocatalyst with excellent transparency for selective photodegradation of enrofloxacin hydrochloride residues solution. Chem Eng J 249:15–26.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.03.077 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lu Z, He M, Yang L et al (2015) Selective photodegradation of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole by a novel imprinted CoFe2O4/MWCNTs photocatalyst. RSC Adv 5:47820–47829.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ra08795c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lu Z, Zhu Z, Wang D et al (2016a) Specific oriented recognition of a new stable ICTX@Mfa with retrievability for selective photocatalytic degrading of ciprofloxacin. Catal Sci Tech 6:1367–1377.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5CY01324K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lu Z, Zhao X, Zhu Z et al (2016b) A novel hollow capsule-like recyclable functional ZnO/C/Fe3O4 endowed with three-dimensional oriented recognition ability for selectively photodegrading danofloxacin mesylate. Catal Sci Tech 6:6513–6524.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c6cy00927a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lu Z, Yu Z, Dong J et al (2017a) Facile microwave synthesis of a Z-scheme imprinted ZnFe2O4/Ag/PEDOT with the specific recognition ability towards improving photocatalytic activity and selectivity for tetracycline. Chem Eng J 337:228–241.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.12.115 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lu Z, Yu Z, Dong J, Song M et al (2017b) Construction of stable core-shell imprinted Ag-(poly-o-phenylenediamine)/CoFe2O4 photocatalyst endowed with the specific recognition capability for selective photodegradation of ciprofloxacin. RSC Adv 7:48894–48903.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c7ra09835a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Luo X, Deng F, Min L et al (2013) Facile one-step synthesis of inorganic-framework molecularly imprinted TiO2/WO3 nanocomposite and its molecular recognitive photocatalytic degradation of target contaminant. Environ Sci Technol 47:7404–7412.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es4013596 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Luo Y, Lu Z, Jiang Y et al (2014) Selective photodegradation of 1-methylimidazole-2-thiol by the magnetic and dual conductive imprinted photocatalysts based on TiO2/Fe3O4/MWCNTs. Chem Eng J 240:244–252.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.11.088 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Melvin Ng HK, Leo CP, Abdullah AZ (2017) Selective removal of dyes by molecular imprinted TiO2 nanoparticles in polysulfone ultrafiltration membrane. J Environ Chem Eng 5:3991–3998.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.07.075 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Morais E, Correa G, Brambilla R et al (2012) Silica imprinted materials containing pharmaceuticals as a template: textural aspects. J Sol Gel Sci Tech 64:324–334.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10971-012-2861-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nakata K, Fujishima A (2012) TiO2 photocatalysis: design and applications. J Photochem Photobiol C: Photochem Rev 13:169–189.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochemrev.2012.06.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Paz Y (2006) Preferential photodegradation – why and how? C R Chim 9:774–787.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crci.2005.03.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sajjad AKL, Shamaila S, Tian B et al (2009) One step activation of WOx/TiO2 nanocomposites with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Appl Catal B Environ 91:397–405.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2009.06.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schneider J, Matsuoka M, Takeuchi M, Zhang J, Horiuchi Y, Anpo M, Bahnemann DW (2014) Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials. Chem Rev 114:9919–9986.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cr5001892 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sen SE, Smith SM, Sullivan KA (1999) Organic transformations using zeolites and zeotype materials. Tetrahedron 55:12657–12698.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4020(99)00747-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Shaham-Waldmann N, Paz Y (2016) Away from TiO2: a critical minireview on the developing of new photocatalysts for degradation of contaminants in water. Mater Sci Semicond Process 42:72–80.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2015.06.068 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sharabi D, Paz Y (2010) Preferential photodegradation of contaminants by molecular imprinting on titanium dioxide. Appl Catal B Environ 95:169–178.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2009.12.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Shen X (2016) Molecularly imprinted photocatalyst. In: Li S, Cao S, Piletsky SA, Turner APF (eds) Molecularly imprinted catalysts, 1st edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 211–228. 9780128014448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Shen X, Zhu L, Wang N et al (2014) Selective photocatalytic degradation of nitrobenzene facilitated by molecular imprinting with a transition state analog. Catal Today 225:164–170.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2013.07.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Si B, Zhou J (2011) Non-hydrolytic sol-gel methodology to prepare a molecularly imprinted, organic-silica hybrid-based stir bar for recognition of sulfonylurea herbicides. Chin J Chem 29:2487–2494.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cjoc.201180421 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Szczepanik B (2017) Photocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants over clay-TiO2 nanocomposites: a review. Appl Clay Sci 41:227–239.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2017.02.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wang Z, Liu X, Li W (2014) Enhancing the photocatalytic degradation of salicylic acid by using molecular imprinted S-doped TiO2 under simulated solar light. Ceram Int 40:8863–8867.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.01.110 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wang Y, Lu Z, Zhu Z et al (2016) Enhanced selective photocatalytic properties of a novel magnetic retrievable imprinted ZnFe2O4/PPy composite with specific recognition ability. RSC Adv 6:51877–51887.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA07132E CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Wei S, Liu H, He C (2015) Molecularly imprinted TiO2/WO3-coated magnetic nanocomposite for photocatalytic degradation of 4-Nitrophenol under visible light. Austr J Chem 69:638–644.  https://doi.org/10.1071/CH15291 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Whitcombe MJ, Kirsch N, Nicholls IA (2014) Molecular imprinting science and technology: a survey of the literature for the years 2004–2011. J Mol Recognit 27:297–401.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jmr.2347 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wu Y, Dong Y, Xia X et al (2016) Facile synthesis of N–F codoped and molecularly imprinted TiO2 for enhancing photocatalytic degradation of target contaminants. Appl Surf Sci 364:829–836.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.12.230 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Xiao G, Su H, Tan T (2015) Synthesis of core–shell bioaffinity chitosan–TiO2 composite and its environmental applications. J Hazard Mater 283:888–896.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.10.047 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Xing W, Ni L, Liu X et al (2013) Synthesis of thermal-responsive photocatalysts by surface molecular imprinting for selective degradation of tetracycline. RSC Adv 3:26334–26342.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C3RA44855J CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Xu S, Lu H, Chen L et al (2014) Molecularly imprinted TiO2 hybridized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles for selective photocatalytic degradation and removal of estrone. RSC Adv 4:45266–45274.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4RA06632D CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zhao K, Feng L, Lin H et al (2014) Adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange imprinted composite membranes using TiO2/calcium alginate hydrogel as matrix. Catal Today 236:127–134.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2014.03.041. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Zhou X, Lai C, Huang D et al (2018) Preparation of water-compatible molecularly imprinted thiol-functionalized activated titanium dioxide: selective adsorption and efficient photodegradation of 2, 4-dinitrophenol in aqueous solution. J Hazard Mater 346:113–123.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.12.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cícero Coelho de Escobar
    • 1
  • João Henrique Z. dos Santos
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Engenharia QuímicaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

Personalised recommendations