Between Fear and Empathy

  • Krzysztof JaskułowskiEmail author


This chapter focuses on interviewees whose attitudes towards refugees were ambivalent (the ambivalents). It demonstrates that on the one hand the ambivalents were afraid of refugees and reproduced the dominant hegemonic Islamophobic discourse, succumbing to moral panic and fear. On the other hand, driven by empathy and humanitarian reasoning, they considered welcoming refugees. Consequently, this chapter discusses the ways in which interviewees negotiated contradictory discourses, coping with both fear and empathy. It reveals how some ambivalents were hesitant of answering unambiguously. It also demonstrates that other ambivalents formulated various reservations and conditions under which refugees could be admitted to Poland.


Refugees Islamophobia Muslims Humanitarianism Fear Empathy 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and Social SciencesSWPS University of Social Sciences and HumanitiesWarsawPoland

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