Sea-Surface Temperature Spatiotemporal Analysis for the Gulf of California, 1998–2015: Regime Change Simulation

  • María del Carmen Heras-Sánchez
  • José Eduardo Valdez-HolguínEmail author
  • Raúl Gilberto Hazas-Izquierdo
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 948)


Aiming to gain insight into probable climate change regime in the Gulf of California, a spatiotemporal simulation of sea surface temperature (SST) for the years 1998–2015 based on monthly satellite images with spatial resolution of 4 km was undertaken. In addition to SST’s time series, El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Multivariate Index (MEI) and monthly standardized SST anomalies (SSTA) for the study area were further taken in consideration. Arrival dates for summer transition, SST ≥ 25 ℃, showed up 15.5 days earlier for the 2007 to 2015 period, with respect to the 1998–2006 period. In contrast, the winter transition, SST < 25 ℃, for such period turned up 3.9 days later, which add up to 20 extra days of summer for this time series. Furthermore, for the later period, the spatial distribution of surface waters with SST > 26 ℃ covered an extra 10% of the Gulf’s area. Additionally, the SST variability showed an annual positive trend of 0.04 ℃, 0.72 ℃ total for the series, according to Theil-Sen trend estimation.


Gulf of California SST ENSO MEI 



We would like to thank Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT). Also, to Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas, Departamento de Investigación en Física, Departamento de Matemáticas, and particularly at Área de Cómputo de Alto Rendimiento at Universidad de Sonora for their valuable material and technical assistance, and for allowing us the use of their HPC computing facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • María del Carmen Heras-Sánchez
    • 1
  • José Eduardo Valdez-Holguín
    • 2
    Email author
  • Raúl Gilberto Hazas-Izquierdo
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de MatemáticasUniversidad de SonoraHermosilloMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y TecnológicasUniversidad de SonoraHermosilloMexico
  3. 3.Departamento de Investigación en FísicaUniversidad de SonoraHermosilloMexico

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