Advertisement

Applications of Organic Ion Exchange Resins in Water Treatment

  • Jiafei Lyu
  • Xianghai GuoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Ion exchange resins are widely used in water treatment for the removal of various contaminants including natural organic matter (NOM), heavy metal ions, anions, boron, surfactants, pharmaceuticals and dyes, due to their specific advantages such as easy implementation, low cost, reversible regeneration and stability of organic polymers. Although wide applications of organic ion exchange resins have been achieved in industries, many research groups are devoted to the development of novel organic ion exchange resins for further improvement of the water treatment process. During past ten years, more attention was paid to the performance of magnetic ion exchange resins and coupling of various water treatment techniques for more efficient and low-cost separation. Through this chapter, the development of organic ion exchange resins over the past ten years will be reviewed in detail.

List of abbreviations

AMD

Acid mine drainage

BV

Bed volume

CFC

Coating copper ferrocyanide

CFIE

Chemical-free ion exchange

DF

Decontamination factor

DOM

Dissolved organic matter

DBP

Disinfection by-product

DOC

Dissolved organic carbon

DC

Diclofenac

ERD

Effective resin dose

HMO

Hydrous manganese oxide

IBU

Ibuprofen

MIEX

Magnetic ion exchange resin

MO

Methyl orange

NOM

Natural organic matter

NDSX

Non-dispersive solvent extraction

NDMA

N-nitrosodimethylamine

PU

Polyurethane

PAC

Powdered activated carbon

POE

Point-of-entry

RO

Reverse osmosis

SE

Secondary effluent

SDZ

Sulfadiazine

SAC

Strong acid cation

SWRO

Seawater reverse osmosis

SBA

Strong-base anion

SMZ

Sulfamethazine

THM

Trihalomethane

THMFP

Trihalomethane formation potential

UF

Ultrafiltration

WHO

World Health Organization

References

  1. 1.
    Shannon MA, Bohn PW, Elimelech M, Georgiadis JG, Mariñas BJ, Mayes AM (2008) Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature 452:301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wintgens T, Salehi F, Hochstrat R, Melin T (2008) Emerging contaminants and treatment options in water recycling for indirect potable use. Water Sci Technol 57:99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gregory J, Dhond RV (1972) Wastewater treatment by ion-exchange. Water Res 6:681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Allpike BP, Heitz A, Joll CA, Kagi RI, Abbt-Braun G, Frimmel FH, Brinkmann T, Her N, Amy G (2005) Size exclusion chromatography to characterize DOC removal in drinking water treatment. Environ Sci Technol 39:2334–2342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Boyer TH, Singer PC (2005) Bench-scale testing of a magnetic ion exchange resin for removal of disinfection by-product precursors. Water Res 39:1265–1276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pehlivan R, Emre H, Key D (2012) Effect of talus deposit excavations on hydrogeochemical characteristics of kuvars spring water, Maltepe, Istanbul, Turkey. J Water Resour Protect 04:294–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kim JS, Zhang L, Keane MA (2001) Removal of iron from aqueous solutions by ion exchange with Na–Y zeolite. Sep Sci Technol 36:1509–1525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kim JS, Keane MA (2000) Ion exchange of divalent cobalt and iron with Na–Y zeolite: binary and ternary exchange equilibria. J Colloid Interface Sci 232:126–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chiarle S, Ratto M, Rovatti M (2000) Mercury removal from water by ion exchange resins adsorption. Water Res 34:2971–2978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Al-Enezi G, Hamoda MF, Fawzi N (2004) Ion exchange extraction of heavy metals from wastewater sludges. J Environ Sci Health Part A Toxic Hazard Subst Environ Eng 39:455–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rengaraj S, Joo CK, Kim Y, Yi J (2003) Kinetics of removal of chromium from water and electronic process wastewater by ion exchange resins: 1200H, 1500H and IRN97H. J Hazard Mater 102:257–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Juang RS, Lin SH, Wang TY (2003) Removal of metal ions from the complexed solutions in fixed bed using a strong-acid ion exchange resin. Chemosphere 53:1221–1228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ahmed S, Chughtai S, Keane MA (1998) The removal of cadmium and lead from aqueous solution by ion exchange with Na–Y zeolite. Sep Purif Technol 13:57–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pak VN, Obukhova NG (1995) Sorption and ion-exchange processes—sorption of Sr2+ and Cu2+ from aqueous solutions with iron-containing slime. Russ J Appl Chem 68:181–184Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Galan B, Castaneda D, Ortiz I (2008) Integration of ion exchange and non-dispersive solvent extraction processes for the separation and concentration of Cr(VI) from ground waters. J Hazard Mater 152:795–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rafati L, Mahvi AH, Asgari AR, Hosseini SS (2010) Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions using Lewatit FO36 nano ion exchange resin. Int J Environ Sci Technol 7:147–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kabir G, Ogbeide SE (2008) Removal of chromate in trace concentration using ion exchange from tannery wastewater. Int J Environ Res 2:377–384Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kononova ON, Mikhaylova NV, Melnikov AM, Kononov YS (2011) Ion exchange recovery of zinc from chloride and chloride-sulfate solutions. Desalination 274:150–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Moosavirad SM, Sarikhani R, Shahsavani E, Mohammadi SZ (2015) Removal of some heavy metals from inorganic industrial wastewaters by ion exchange method. J Water Chem Technol 37:191–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sinha S, Amy GL, Yoon YM, Her NG (2011) Arsenic removal from water using various adsorbents: magnetic ion exchange resins, hydrous ion oxide particles, granular ferric hydroxide, activated alumina, sulfur modified iron, and iron oxide-Coated microsand. Environ Eng Res 16:165–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    He X, Fang Z, Jia J, Ma L, Li Y, Chai Z, Chen X (2016) Study on the treatment of wastewater containing Cu(II) by D851 ion exchange resin. Desalin Water Treat 57:3597–3605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rao SVS, Lekshmi R, Mani AGS, Sinha PK (2010) Treatment of low level radioactive liquid wastes using composite ion-exchange resins based on polyurethane foam. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 283:379–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kocaoba S (2008) Adsorption of nickel(II) and cobalt(II) ions and application of surface complex formation model to ion exchange equilibria. Environ Eng Sci 25:697–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Perdue E, Ritchie J (2003) Dissolved organic matter in freshwaters. Treatise Geochem 5:605Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Humbert H, Gallard H, Suty H, Croue J-P (2008) Natural organic matter (NOM) and pesticides removal using a combination of ion exchange resin and powdered activated carbon (PAC). Water Res 42:1635–1643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Singer PC, Boyer T, Holmquist A, Morran J, Bourke M (2009) Integrated analysis of NOM removal by magnetic ion exchange. J Am Water Works Assoc 101:65–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhang R, Vigneswaran S, Ngo HH, Nguyen H (2006) Magnetic ion exchange (MIEX®) resin as a pre-treatment to a submerged membrane system in the treatment of biologically treated wastewater. Desalination 192:296–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhang R, Vigneswaran S, Ngo H, Nguyen H (2008) Fluidized bed magnetic ion exchange (MIEX®) as pre-treatment process for a submerged membrane reactor in wastewater treatment and reuse. Desalination 227:85–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Tien Vinh N, Zhang R, Vigneswaran S, Huu Hao N, Kandasamy J, Mathes P (2011) Removal of organic matter from effluents by magnetic ion exchange (MIEX®). Desalination 276:96–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sun J, Li X, Quan Y, Yin Y, Zheng S (2015) Effect of long-term organic removal on ion exchange properties and performance during sewage tertiary treatment by conventional anion exchange resins. Chemosphere 136:181–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Apell JN, Boyer TH (2010) Combined ion exchange treatment for removal of dissolved organic matter and hardness. Water Res 44:2419–2430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Comstock SEH, Boyer TH (2014) Combined magnetic ion exchange and cation exchange for removal of DOC and hardness. Chem Eng J 241:366–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Arias-Paic M, Cawley KM, Byg S, Rosario-Ortiz FL (2016) Enhanced DOC removal using anion and cation ion exchange resins. Water Res 88:981–989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Beita-Sandi W, Karanfil T (2017) Removal of both N-nitrosodimethylamine and trihalomethanes precursors in a single treatment using ion exchange resins. Water Res 124:20–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Han Z-G, Chen W, Li L, Cao Z (2010) Combination of chlorine and magnetic ion exchange resin for drinking water treatment of algae. J Central South Univ Technol 17:979–984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kowalska I (2008) Surfactant removal from water solutions by means of ultrafiltration and ion-exchange. Desalination 221:351–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kowalska I (2014) Nanofiltration—ion exchange system for effective surfactant removal from water solutions. Braz J Chem Eng 31:887–894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Fernandez AML, Rendueles M, Diaz M (2014) Sulfamethazine retention from water solutions by ion exchange with a strong anionic resin in fixed bed. Sep Sci Technol 49:1366–1378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Jiang M, Yang W, Zhang Z, Yang Z, Wang Y (2015) Adsorption of three pharmaceuticals on two magnetic ion-exchange resins. J Environ Sci 31:226–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Behera SS, Das S, Parhi PK, Tripathy SK, Mohapatra RK, Debata M (2017) Kinetics, thermodynamics and isotherm studies on adsorption of methyl orange from aqueous solution using ion exchange resin Amberlite IRA-400. Desalin Water Treat 60:249–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Lameloise M-L, Gavach M, Bouix M, Fargues C (2015) Combining reverse osmosis and ion-exchange allows beet distillery condensates to be recycled as fermentable dilution water. Desalination 363:75–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Elimelech M, Phillip WA (2011) The future of seawater desalination: energy. Technol Environ Sci 333:712–717Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Hilal N, Kochkodan V, Al Abdulgader H, Mandale S, Al-Jlil SA (2015) A combined ion exchange-nanofiltration process for water desalination: I. Sulphate-chloride ion-exchange in saline solutions. Desalination 363:44–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Hilal N, Kochkodan V, Al Abdulgader H, Mandale S, Al-Jlil SA (2015) A combined ion exchange-nanofiltration process for water desalination: III. Pilot scale studies. Desalination 363:58–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Hu J, Chen Y, Guo L, Chen X (2015) Chemical-free ion exchange and its application for desalination. Desalination 365:144–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Pember N, Millar GJ, Couperthwaite SJ, de Bruyn M, Nuttall K (2016) BDST modelling of sodium ion exchange column behaviour with strong acid cation resin in relation to coal seam water treatment. J Environ Chem Eng 4:2216–2224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Millar GJ, Couperthwaite SJ, de Bruyn M, Leung CW (2015) Ion exchange treatment of saline solutions using Lanxess S108H strong acid cation resin. Chem Eng J 280:525–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Li Y, Li Y, Liu Z, Wu T, Tian Y (2011) A novel electrochemical ion exchange system and its application in water treatment. J Environ Sci China 23(Suppl):S14–S17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Demey-Cedeno H, Ruiz M, Barron-Zambrano JA, Sastre AM (2014) Boron removal from aqueous solutions using alginate gel beads in fixed-bed systems. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 89:934–940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Guo Q, Zhang Y, Cao Y, Wang Y, Yan W (2013) Boron sorption from aqueous solution by hydrotalcite and its preliminary application in geothermal water deboronation. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 20:8210–8219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Zelmanov G, Semiat R (2014) Boron removal from water and its recovery using iron (Fe+3) oxide/hydroxide-based nanoparticles (NanoFe) and NanoFe-impregnated granular activated carbon as adsorbent. Desalination 333:107–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Geffen N, Semiat R, Eisen MS, Balazs Y, Katz I, Dosoretz CG (2006) Boron removal from water by complexation to polyol compounds. J Membr Sci 286:45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Güler E, Kaya C, Kabay N, Arda M (2015) Boron removal from seawater: state-of-the-art review. Desalination 356:85–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Guan Z, Lv J, Bai P, Guo X (2016) Boron removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption—a review. Desalination 383:29–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Lyu J, Zeng Z, Zhang N, Liu H, Bai P, Guo X (2017) Pyrocatechol-modified resins for boron recovery from water: synthesis, adsorption and isotopic separation studies. React Funct Polym 112:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Lyu J, Liu H, Zhang J, Zeng Z, Bai P, Guo X (2017) Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) as highly efficient agents for boron removal and boron isotope separation. RSC Adv 7:16022–16026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Lyu J, Zhang N, Liu H, Zeng Z, Zhang J, Bai P, Guo X (2017) Adsorptive removal of boron by zeolitic imidazolate framework: kinetics, isotherms, thermodynamics, mechanism and recycling. Sep Purif Technol 187:67–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Lyu J, Liu H, Zeng Z, Zhang J, Xiao Z, Bai P, Guo X (2017) Metal-organic framework UiO-66 as an efficient adsorbent for boron removal from aqueous solution. Ind Eng Chem Res 56:2565–2572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Kabay N, Sarp S, Yuksel M, Kitis M, Koseoglu H, Arar O, Bryjak M, Semiat R (2008) Removal of boron from SWRO permeate by boron selective ion exchange resins containing N-methyl glucamine groups. Desalination 223:49–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Kabay N, Koseoglu P, Yapici D, Yuksel U, Yuksel M (2013) Coupling ion exchange with ultrafiltration for boron removal from geothermal water-investigation of process parameters and recycle tests. Desalination 316:17–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Kabay N, Koseoglu P, Yavuz E, Yuksel U, Yuksel M (2013) An innovative integrated system for boron removal from geothermal water using RO process and ion exchange-ultrafiltration hybrid method. Desalination 316:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Wang B, Guo X, Bai P (2014) Removal technology of boron dissolved in aqueous solutions—a review. Colloid Surf A 444:338–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Wang B, Lin H, Guo X, Bai P (2014) Boron removal using chelating resins with pyrocatechol functional groups. Desalination 347:138–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Dziubek AM, Maćkiewicz J (2009) Removal of nitrates from water by selective ion exchange. Environ Prot Eng 35:171–177Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Ebrahimi S, Roberts DJ (2013) Sustainable nitrate-contaminated water treatment using multi cycle ion-exchange/bioregeneration of nitrate selective resin. J Hazard Mater 262:539–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Guimarães D, Leao VA (2014) Batch and fixed-bed assessment of sulphate removal by the weak base ion exchange resin Amberlyst A21. J Hazard Mater 280:209–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Shahbazi P, Vaezi F, Mahvi AH, Naddaffi K, Rahmani AR (2010) Nitrate removal from drinking water by point of use ion exchange. J Res Health Sci 10:91–97Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Samadi MT, Zarrabi M, Sepehr MN, Ramhormozi SM, Azizian S, Amrane A (2014) Removal of fluoride ions by ion exchange resin: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Environ Eng Manag J 13:205–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Markovski J, Garcia J, Hristovski KD, Westerhoff P (2017) Nano-enabling of strong-base ion-exchange media via a room-temperature aluminum (hydr)oxide synthesis method to simultaneously remove nitrate and fluoride. Sci Total Environ 599:1848–1855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Lazar L, Bandrabur B, Tataru-Farmus R-E, Drobota M, Bulgariu L, Gutt G (2014) FTIR analysis of ion exchange resins with application in permanent hard water softening. Environ Eng Manag J 13:2145–2152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Sica M, Duta A, Teodosiu C, Draghici C (2014) Thermodynamic and kinetic study on ammonium removal from a synthetic water solution using ion exchange resin. Clean Technol Environ Policy 16:351–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Systems Bioengineering (Ministry of Education)Tianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations