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Modeling and System Analysis of PEM Fuel Cells

  • Verica Radisavljević-Gajić
  • Miloš Milanović
  • Patrick Rose
Chapter
Part of the Mechanical Engineering Series book series (MES)

Abstract

Fuel cells are electromechanical-electrochemical systems that produce electricity and water from hydrogen and oxygen via the process reverse to water electrolysis. Hydrogen is obtained from hydrogen-rich fuels (natural gas, methanol, ethanol, etc.) using simple chemical-physical processes. Fuel cells produce electricity without burning natural gas (or any other source of hydrogen), so that fuel cells are considered as clean (green) electric energy generators since they do not pollute the environment. A fuel cell is a triode composed of an anode, membrane, and cathode. Hydrogen is pumped from the anode side, and oxygen is pumped from the cathode side. Depending on the type of the membrane, we have several types of fuel cells: proton exchange membrane (polymer electrolyte membrane) (PEM) fuel cells, solid oxide fuel cells, etc. Since the PEM fuel cells are the most developed, best understood, and with numerous applications in the today’s world, we will concentrate our attention to this kind of fuel cells.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Verica Radisavljević-Gajić
    • 1
  • Miloš Milanović
    • 1
  • Patrick Rose
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringVillanova UniversityVillanovaUSA

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