Global Political Economy and Governance: Four Paradigmatic Views

  • Kavous ArdalanEmail author


Any explanation of governance is based on a worldview. The premise of this book is that any worldview can be associated with one of the four broad paradigms: functionalist, interpretive, radical humanist, and radical structuralist. This chapter takes the case of governance and discusses it from the four different viewpoints. It emphasizes that the four views expressed are equally scientific and informative; they look at the phenomenon from their certain paradigmatic viewpoint; and together they provide a more balanced understanding of the phenomenon under consideration.


  1. Alter, Karen J., and Sophie Meunier. 2009. The Politics of International Regime Complexity. Perspectives on Politics 7 (1): 13–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Archibugi, Daniele. 1995. Immanuel Kant, Cosmopolitan Law and Peace. European Journal of International Relations 1 (4): 429–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Archibugi, Daniele, and David Held (eds.). 1995. Cosmopolitan Democracy: An Agenda for a New World Order. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  4. Archibugi, Daniele, David Held, and Martin Koehler (eds.). 1998. Re-Imagining Political Community: Studies in Cosmopolitan Democracy. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bobbio, Norberto. 1988. Gramsci and the Concept of Civil Society. In Civil Society and the State: New European Perspectives, ed. John Keane. London, Britain: Verso.Google Scholar
  6. Breitmeier, Helmut, Oran R. Young, and Michael Zulrn. 2006. Analyzing International Environmental Regimes: From Case Study to Database. Boston, MA, USA: MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown, C. 1995. International Political Theory and the Idea of World Community. In International Relations Theory Today, ed. K. Booth and S. Smith. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  8. Burnheim, John. 1985. Is Democracy Possible? The Alternative to Electoral Politics. Berkeley, CA, USA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  9. Burnheim, John. 1986. Democracy, Nation-States, and the World System. In New Forms of Democracy, ed. D. Held and C. Pollitt, 218–239. London, Britain: Sage.Google Scholar
  10. Burnheim, John. 1995. Power-Trading and the Environment. Environmental Politics 4 (4): 49–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Callinicos, Alex, John Rees, Chris Harman, and Mike Haynes. 1994. Marxism and the New Imperialism. London, Britain: Bookmarks.Google Scholar
  12. Carr, E.H. 1981. The Twenty Years Crisis 1919-1939. London, Britain: Papermac.Google Scholar
  13. Connolly, W.E. 1991. Democracy and Territoriality. Millennium 20 (3): 463–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Coward, Martin. 2005. The Imperial Character of the Contemporary World Order. Theory and Event 8: 1.Google Scholar
  15. Cox, Robert W. 1993. Structural Issues of Global Governance. In Gramsci, Historical Materialism and International Relations, ed. Stephen Gill, 259–289. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cox, Robert W. 1997. Introduction. In The New Realism: Perspectives on Multilateralism and World Order, ed. Robert W. Cox, xv–xxx. New York, NY, USA: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  17. Cox, Robert W. 1999. Civil Society at the Turn of the Millennium: Prospects for an Alternative World Order. Review of International Studies, 25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cox, Robert W., and Timothy J. Sinclair (eds.). 1996. Approaches to World Order. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Deudney, D. 1998. Global Village Sovereignty. In The Greening of Sovereignty, ed. K.T. Litfin. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  20. Diamond, Larry J. 1992. Promoting Democracy. Foreign Policy, Summer.Google Scholar
  21. Diamond, Larry J. 1994. The Global Imperative: Building a Democratic World Order. Current History 93: 1–7.Google Scholar
  22. Diamond, Larry J. 1996. Is the Third Wave Over? Journal of Democracy 7 (3): 20–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Diamond, Larry J. 1998. The Globalization of Democracy. In Globalization and the Third World, ed. Ray Kiely and Phil Marfleet. London, Britain: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. Diamond, Larry J. 2000. The Global State of Democracy. Current History, 413–418.Google Scholar
  25. Diamond, Larry J. 2003. Universal Democracy? Policy Review, 119.Google Scholar
  26. Diamond, Larry J. 2008. The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies Throughout the World. New York, NY, USA: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  27. Do Amaral, Marcelo Parreira. 2010. Regime Theory and Educational Governance: The Emergence of an International Education Regime. International Perspectives on Education and Society 12: 57–78.Google Scholar
  28. Doyle, Michael. 1983. Kant, Liberal Legacies and Foreign Affairs. Philosophy and Public Affairs, Summer/Fall.Google Scholar
  29. Doyle, Michael. 1999. A Liberal View: Preserving and Expanding the Liberal Pacific Union. In International Order and the Future of World Politics, ed. T.V. Paul and John Hall. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Drezner, Daniel W. 2009. The Power and Peril of International Regime Complexity. Perspectives on Politics 7 (1): 65–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Dryzek, J.S. 1990. Discursive Democracy: Politics, Polity and Political Science. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Dryzek, J.S. 1995. Political and Ecological Communication. Environmental Politics 4 (4): 13–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Dryzek, J.S. 2000. Deliberative Democracy and Beyond. Oxford, Britain: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Duffield, Mark. 2001. Global Governance and the New Wars: The Merging of Development and Security. London, Britain: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  35. Ekins, P. 1992. A New World Order: Grassroots Movements for Global Change. London, Britain: Routledge.Google Scholar
  36. Falk, Richard. 1987. The Global Promise of Social Movements: Explorations at the edge of time. Alternatives 12 (2): 173–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Falk, Richard. 1992. Explorations at the Edge of Time: The Prospects for World Order. Philadelphia, NJ, USA: Temple University.Google Scholar
  38. Falk, Richard. 1995a. On Humane Governance: Towards a New Global Politics. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  39. Falk, Richard. 1995b. Liberalism at the Global Level: The Last of the Independent Commissions? Millennium: Journal of International Studies 24 (3): 563–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Falk, Richard. 1999. Predatory Globalization: A Critique. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  41. Frank, Andre Gunder. 1969. Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America. New York, NY, USA: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  42. Frederick, Howard. 1993. Computer Networking and the Emergence of Global Civil Society. In Global Networks: Computers and International Communication, ed. M. Harasim Linda, 283–295. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  43. Fukuyama, Francis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. New York, NY, USA: Free Press.Google Scholar
  44. Gill, Stephen. 1995. Globalization, Market Civilization, and Disciplinary Neoliberalism. Millennium: Journal of International Studies 24 (3): 399–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Gill, Stephen. 1996. Globalization, Democratization, and the Politics of Indifference. In Globalization: Critical Reflections, ed. James H. Mittelman, 205–228. Boulder, CO, USA: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  46. Gill, Stephen. 1997. Global Structural Change and Multilateralism. In Globalization, Democratization and Multilateralism, ed. Stephen Gill, 1–17. New York, NY, USA: St. Martin’s Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Gill, Stephen. 1998. European Governance and New Constitutionalism: Economic and Monetary Union and Alternatives to Disciplinary Neo-liberalism in Europe. New Political Economy 3 (1): 5–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Gilpin, Robert G. 1981. War and Change in World Politics. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Gilpin, Robert G. 2005. War Is Too Important to Be Left to Ideological Amateurs. International Relations 19 (1): 5–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Gowan, Peter. 2001. Neoliberal Cosmopolitanism. New Left Review, series II 11: 79–93.Google Scholar
  51. Haas, Ernst B. 1958. The Uniting of Europe. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Haas, Ernst B. 1964. Beyond the Nation-State: Functionalism and International Organization. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  53. Haas, Ernst B. 1990. Obtaining International Environmental Protection through Epistemic Consensus. Millennium: Journal of International Studies 19 (3).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Haas, Ernst B., and Philippe Schmitter. 1964. Economics and Differential Patterns of Political Integration: Projections about Unity in Latin America. International Organization 18: 705–737.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Held, David. 1987. Models of Democracy. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  56. Held, David. 1991. Democracy, the Nation and the Global System. Economy and Society 20 (2): 138–172. Also, in Held, David (ed.) Political Theory Today. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Held, David. 1993. Democracy: From City-States to a Cosmopolitan Order? In Prospects for Democracy: North, South, East, West, ed. David Held, 13–52. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  58. Held, David. 1995a. Stories of Democracy: Old and New. In Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance, ed. David Held, 3–27. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  59. Held, David. 1995b. Cosmopolitan Democracy and the New International Order. In Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance, ed. David Held, 268–286. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  60. Held, David. 2010. Cosmopolitanism after 9/11. International Politics 47 (1): 52–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Held, David, and Anthony McGrew (eds.). 2002. Governing Globalization: Power, Authority and Global Governance. Cambridge, Britain: Polity.Google Scholar
  62. Held, David, Anthony McGrew, David Goldblatt, and Jonathan Perraton. 1999. Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture. Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  63. Hirst, Paul. 2001. Between the Local and the Global: Democracy in the Twenty-First Century. In Balancing Democracy, ed. Roland Axtmann, 255–311. London, Britain: Continuum.Google Scholar
  64. Hirst, Paul, and Graham Thompson. 1999. Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  65. Hobsbawm, Eric. 1994. The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914-1991. New York, NY, USA: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  66. Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. The Clash of Civilizations. Foreign Affairs 72 (3): 22–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Kant, I. 1795. To Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch. In Perpetual Peace and Other Essays. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Hackett Publishers.Google Scholar
  68. Karatnycky, Adrian. 1999. The 1998 Freedom House Survey: The Decline of Illiberal Democracy. Journal of Democracy 10 (1): 112–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Keohane, Robert O. (ed.). 1986. Neorealism and Its Critics. New York, NY, USA: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  70. Keohane, Robert O. 1990. Multilateralism: An Agenda for Research. International Journal XLV (4): 731–764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Keohane, Robert O. 1998. International Institutions: Can Interdependence Work? Foreign Policy 110: 82–96.Google Scholar
  72. Keohane, Robert O., and Joseph S. Nye. 1977. Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  73. Kindleberger, Charles P. 1969. American Business Abroad. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  74. Koivisto, Marjo. 2010. Crisis, What Crisis? Liberal Order Building and World Order Conventions. Millennium: Journal of International Studies 38 (3): 615–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Korten, Davis C. 1995. When Corporations Rule the World. West Hartford, CT, USA: Kumarian Press.Google Scholar
  76. Krasner, Stephen D. 1983. Regimes and the Limits of Realism: Regimes as Autonomous Variables. In International Regimes, ed. Stephen D. Krasner. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  77. Krasner, Stephen D. 1995. Compromising Westphalia. International Security 20 (3): 115–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Krasner, Stephen D. 2011. State, Power, Anarchism. Perspectives on Politics 9 (1): 79–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Linklater, A. 1996. Citizenship and Sovereignty in the Post-Westphalian State. European Journal of International Relations 2 (1): 77–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Long, P. 1995. The Harvard School of Liberal International Theory: The Case of Closure. Millennium 24 (3): 489–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Low, Murray. 1997. Representation Unbound: Globalization and Democracy. In Spaces of Globalization: Reasserting the Power of the Local, ed. Kevin R. Cox, 240–280. New York, NY, USA: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  82. McCarthy, Daniel R. 2011. The Meaning of Materiality: Reconsidering the Materialism of Gramsian IR. Review of International Studies 37 (3): 1215–1234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. McGrew, Anthony (ed.). 1997. The Transformation of Democracy? Globalization and Territorial Democracy. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  84. McGrew, Anthony. 2002. Transnational Democracy. In Democratic Theory Today: Challenges for the 21st Century, ed. April Carter and Geoffrey Stokes, 269–294. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  85. McNeill, William H. 1977. Territorial States Buries Too Soon. Mershon International Studies Review.Google Scholar
  86. Mitrany, David. 1943. A Working Peace System: An Argument for the Functional Development of International Organization. London, Britain: Royal Institute of International Affairs/Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  87. Mittelman, James H. 1996. How Does Globalization Really Work? In Globalization: Critical Reflections, ed. James H. Mittelman, 229–241. Boulder, CO, USA: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  88. Montgomery, Alexander H., and Scott D. Sagan. 2009. The Perils of Predicting Proliferation. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53 (2): 302–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Morgenthau, Hans J. 1948. Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. New York, NY, USA: Knopf.Google Scholar
  90. Murphy, Craig N. 2005. Global Governance: Poorly Done and Poorly Understood. In Global Institutions, Marginalization, and Development, ed. Craig N. Murphy, 133–146. New York, NY, USA: Routledge. Also in National Affairs 76 (4), 2000.Google Scholar
  91. Neumann, Iver B., and Ole Jacob Sending. 2010. Governing the Global Polity: Practice, Mentality, Rationality. Ann Harbor, MI, USA: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  92. Ohmae, Kenichi. 1990. The Borderless World: Power and Strategy in the Interlinked World Economy. New York, NY, USA: Harper Business, A Division of HarperCollins Publishers.Google Scholar
  93. Patomaki, Heikki. 2000. Republican Public Sphere and the Governance of Globalizing Political Economy. In Value Pluralism, Normative Theory and International Relations, ed. M. Lensu and J.S. Fritz, 160–195. London, Britain: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  94. Patomaki, Heikki. 2010. Cosmological Sources of Critical Cosmopolitanism. Review of International Studies 36 (1): 181–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Patomaki, Heikki. 2011. Towards Global Political Parties. Ethics and Global Politics 4 (2): 81–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Radice, Hugo. 2008. The Developmental State Under Global Neoliberalism. Third World Quarterly 29 (6): 1153–1174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Reinecke, Wolfgang H. 1997. Global Public Policy. Foreign Affairs 76.Google Scholar
  98. Robinson, William I. 1996a. Promoting Polyarchy: Globalization, US Intervention, and Hegemony. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Robinson, William I. 1996b. Globalization, the World System, and ‘Democracy Promotion’ in US Foreign Policy. Theory and Society 25: 615–665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Rosenau, James N. 1997. Along the Domestic-Foreign Frontier: Exploring Governance in a Turbulent World. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Rosenberg, Justin. 1994. The Empire of Civil Society: A Critique of the Realist Theory of International Relations. London, Britain: Verso.Google Scholar
  102. Sakamoto, Yoshikazu. 1997. Civil Society and Democratic World Order. In Innovation and Transformation in International Studies, ed. Stephen Gill and James H. Mittelman. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  103. Sandel, M. 1996. Democracy’s Discontent. Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  104. Scholte, Jan Aart. 2005. Globalization: A Critical Introduction. New York, NY, USA: St. Martin’s Press, Inc.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Schumpeter, J. 1976. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. London, Britain: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  106. Shaw, Timothy M. 1994. Global Society and International Relations. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  107. Sklair, Leslie. 2001. The Transnational Capitalist Class. Oxford, Britain: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  108. Spiro, David E. 1999. The Hidden Hand of American Hegemony: Petrodollar Recycling and International Markets. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  109. Thompson, Dennis F. 1999. Democratic Theory and Global Society. Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (2): 111–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Walker, R.B.J. 1988. One World, Many Worlds: Struggles for a Just World Peace. Boulder, CO, USA: Lynne Reinner.Google Scholar
  111. Walker, R.B.J. 1991. On the Spatio-Temporal Conditions of Democratic Practice. Alternatives 16 (2): 243–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice. 1974. The Modern World-System, 2 vols. London, Britain: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  113. Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice. 1979. The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System: Concepts for Comparative Analysis. In The Capitalist World-Economy, ed. Immanuel Wallerstein. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  114. Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice. 1984. The Politics of the World-Economy. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  115. Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice. 1991. Geopolitics and Geoculture: Essays on the Changing World-System. Cambridge, Britain: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  116. Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice. 2000. Globalization or the Age of Transformation? A Long-View of the Trajectory of the World-System. International Sociology 15 (2): 249–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice. 2004. Alternatives: The United States Confronts the World. Boulder, CO, USA: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
  118. Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice. 2012. Robinson’s Critical Appraisal Appraised. International Sociology 27 (4): 524–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Waltz, Kenneth N. 1979. Theory of International Politics. Reading, Britain: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  120. Waltz, Kenneth N. 1999. Globalization and Governance. Political Science & Politics 32 (4): 693–700.Google Scholar
  121. Weiss, Linda. 1998. The Myth of the Powerless State: Governing the Economy in a Global Era. Cambridge, Britain: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  122. Wolf, K.D. 1999. The New Raison D’Etat as a Problem for Democracy in World Society. European Journal of International Relations 5 (3): 333–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ManagementMarist CollegePoughkeepsieUSA

Personalised recommendations