Adsorptive Removal and Recovery of Heavy Metal Ions from Aqueous Solution/Effluents Using Conventional and Non-conventional Materials

  • Ashitha Gopinath
  • Kadirvelu Krishna
  • Chinnannan Karthik


The development of industries over the past few decades has turned the world into a modernized era. The ultimate pros of this industrialization are benefited by humans on one side whereas they are also severely affected by the cons on the other side. The intended release of industrial wastewater into the water bodies often contaminates it heavily with toxic substances particularly heavy metals, as they are non-biodegradable and persistent in the environment. Remediation of heavy metals by various physical and chemical approaches is not advisable as it is uneconomical and generates a large number of secondary wastes. Hence, utilization of low cost conventional and non-conventional adsorbents offers natural and eco-friendly statuary for metal removal. Hence, it is considered an efficient and alternative tool for metal remediation. Based on the facts stated above, the present chapter described the sources and environmental significance of heavy metals as well as remediation strategies using low-cost adsorbents.


Wastewater Heavy metals Remediation Adsorbent Removal 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashitha Gopinath
    • 1
  • Kadirvelu Krishna
    • 1
  • Chinnannan Karthik
    • 1
  1. 1.DRDO – BU – CLS, Bharathiar University CampusCoimbatoreIndia

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