The Shoulder pp 211-245 | Cite as

Imaging Diagnosis of Shoulder Arthropathy

  • Mingqian HuangEmail author
  • Mark Schweitzer


Shoulder is a highly mobile joint that maintains an exquisite balance. In fact, two of the most common disorders of the shoulder (adhesive capsulitis and instability) are demonstrative of alterations in balance. Articular disorder may also be the end result of this loss of stability regulation.

We first discuss how shoulder osteoarthritis presents on imaging, differently than other large joints such as knee or hip. Since secondary osteoarthritis is much common in the shoulder, which can be related to cuff tear or instability. Next, we discuss infections of the shoulder. As with any monoarthropathy, we clinicians should keep this diagnosis in mind. Following this, we discuss the interrelationship of rheumatoid of the glenohumeral, acromioclavicular joints with each other and with the rotator cuff. Perhaps the most interesting of the articular disorders of the shoulder are those related to crystals. Some of these are overwhelmingly more common in the shoulder (HADD), and others present with complex and unique imaging appearances, such as the Milwaukee shoulder.


Shoulder osteoarthritis Rotator cuff arthropathy Septic arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) disease Calcium hydroxyapatite deposition disease (HAD) Milwaukee shoulder 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyStony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook School of MedicineStony BrookUSA

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