Ergodic Capacity and Throughput Analysis of Two-Way Wireless Energy Harvesting Network with Decode-and-Forward Relay
In this paper, we consider a wireless energy harvesting network, where two source nodes exchange information via a decode-and-forward (DF) relay node. The network adopts the time switching relaying (TSR) or power splitting relaying (PSR) protocols. In the TSR protocol, transmitting process is split into three time slots. In the first time slot, two source nodes send the signals to the relay node simultaneously and the relay node harvests energy from the radio frequency (RF) signals. In the second time slot, two source nodes send the information signals to the relay node simultaneously. In the third time slot, the relay node decodes the signals and then forwards the regenerated signal to two source nodes using all harvested energy. In the PSR protocol, every transmission frame is divided into two equal time duration slots. The energy constrained relay node splits the received power into two parts for energy harvesting (EH) and information processing in the first time slot, respectively, and forwards the reproduced information signal to the source nodes in the second time slot. We derive the analytical expressions of the ergodic capacity and ergodic throughput of the network both for the TSR and PSR protocols. Numerical results verify the theoretical analysis and exhibit the performance comparisons of two proposed schemes.
KeywordsDecode-and-forward Wireless energy harvesting Power splitting relaying Time switching relaying Ergodic capacity Throughput
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