An Improved Preamble Detection Method for LTE-A PRACH Based on Doppler Frequency Offset Correction

  • Yajing ZhangEmail author
  • Zhizhong Zhang
  • Xiaoling Hu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 262)


In the random access process of the Long Term Evolution Advanced (LTE-A) system, the Doppler shift influences the detection of the Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) signal, resulting in the appearance of the pseudo correlation peaks at the receiving end. In the 3GPP protocol, the frequency offset in the mid-speed and low-speed modes is not processed, and the frequency offset processing algorithm in the high-speed mode only applies to the case where the Doppler frequency offset does not exceed the unit sub-carrier. For solve the problem, a three-step improvement method is proposed. The first step is to perform the maximum likelihood (ML) offset estimation to do the frequency offset correction; the second step is to perform the sliding average filter processing to eliminate the influence of multipath; the third step is to use multiple sliding window peak detection algorithm. Compared with the traditional algorithm, the performance of the proposed method is better. And the false alarm performance under the AWGN channel is at least 3.8 dB better, and the false alarm performance under ETU channel is at least 1 dB better.


Preamble detection Frequency offset correction Sliding average filter processing Multiple sliding window 


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chongqing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsChongqingChina
  2. 2.Test Engineering Research Center of Communication NetworksChongqingChina

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